Is it Allah’s command to obey the Prophet and to follow His way?

The Details of the Question

There are many hadiths about the necessity of following the Prophet.
Is there a command like that in the Quran?
Are there any verses about the necessity of following the Prophet?
Is it Allah’s command to obey the Prophet and to follow his way?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The Quran addresses the Muslims who say, “I do not follow the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah. Hadiths do not bind me. I only follow the Quran”, and who probably do not fulfill the orders of the Quran and do not avoid its prohibitions and who are in heedlessness:

“There cannot be a religion without a prophet and without sunnah and that prophets are sent to people to be obeyed.” (1)

God Almighty also states the following in the Quran:

- “The Quran was explained to the Messenger of Allah in detail by Allah (2) and taught to him (3); Allah swears by the life of the Messenger of Allah (4), underlines his importance that he is a mercy for all creatures (5) and believers (6), that he is a lamp spreading light (7), the messenger to the whole humanity up to the Day of Judgment (8), on an exalted standard of character (9), he is the Seal of the Prophets (10); he is closer to the believers than their own selves (11); it is fard to love him (12); he is honored by the names ar-Rauf (most kind) and ar-Rahim (most merciful) of Asmaul-Husna (13); we should not deem the summons of the Messenger among ourselves like the summons of one of you to another (14), we should send blessings on him, (15), we should not put ourselves forward before Allah and His Messenger, and should not raise our voices above the voice of the Prophet, nor speak aloud to him in talk (16), we should love the Messenger of Allah the most after Allah and before jihad (17), if we love Allah, Allah will love us (18), we have indeed in the Messenger of Allah a beautiful pattern of conduct (19), it is not fitting for us when a matter has been decided by him to have any option about his decision (20), we should be judged by the Quran and the Messenger of Allah and judge with them (21) he, that is, his sunnah, is judge in all disputes between us (22), we should act according to the shari’ah of Islam and we should not dispute with the Messenger of Allah on the matter (23), he does not speak of his own soul and desire (24), we should not withstand the Messenger´s order (25), we should accept as forbidden which has been forbidden by the Messenger of Allah (26), he judges between men, as guided by Allah (27), he was taught the Book and wisdom (28), the Grace of Allah unto him great is (29), we have to obey the Messenger of Allah, and those charged with authority among us (30), he who obeys the Messenger obeys Allah (31), we have to take what the Messenger assigns to us, and deny ourselves that which he withholds from us (32).

- If we disobey him, that is, his sunnah, we will be unbelievers (33), we will not have been believers (34), we may not obtain mercy (35), we will be punished (36), we will dwell in Hell forever (37), some trial will befall on us (38) and we will indeed be on a clearly wrong Path (39).

- If we obey the Messenger of Allah, we will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath (40), we will do a good deed (41), we will be in the company of the prophets (who teach), the sincere (lovers of Truth), the witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good) (42), we will obey Allah (43), we will win (in the end), (44), our deeds will not be belittled (45) and we shall be on right guidance (46).”

Due to the Allah’s unquestionable orders in the Quran listed above, the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) recorded all of his words and acts, which would shed light on Islam to be understood and practiced in the way that Allah ordered and which are the best interpretation of the Quran, in order to protect the words and acts of the Messenger of Allah, that is, his sunnah.

The generations that followed them classified each of those words and acts, which were recorded under very hard circumstances, with great sacrifices and meticulousness, for the sake of Allah and without expecting anything but the consent of Allah, enabling them to reach today in a healthy way.  

If they had not reached us, we would not know how to perform prayers, how to calculate zakah, how to perform fasting, how to complete hajj, and many other details and we would fall into dispute.

May Allah be pleased with all of the believers who God Almighty Himself praised in verse 29 of the chapter of al-Fath, who followed the way of Allah and His Messenger, and who contributed to the transfer of the Quran and the sunnah to us! May Allah allow them to receive the intercession of the Prophet Muhammad.

“We love the Messenger of Allah more than any other creatures after Allah.” For, it is an indisputable order of Allah. (47)

We know and believe that

“the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is Allah’s slave and Messenger, that he is the most superior creature, but that deity and divinity belong only to Allah. As the Quran tries to tell us throughout it, our Lord has no partner, assistant whatsoever and it is impossible even to think so.”

Infinite blessings and greetings onto the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), his honorable family, his Companions and all prophets!  

References:

  1. an-Nisa: 4/64
  2. al-Qiyama: 75/19
  3. ar-Rahman: 55/2
  4. al-Hijr: 15/72
  5. al-Anbiya: 21/107
  6. at-Tawba: 9/61
  7. al-Ahzab: 33/46
  8. an-Nisa: 4/79, al-Araf: 7/158;169, al-Furqan: 25/1, al-Ahzab: 33/40, Saba: 34/28, Sad: 38/87
  9. al-Qalam: 68/4
  10. al-Ahzab: 33/40
  11. al-Ahzab: 33/6
  12. at-Tawba: 9/24
  13. at-Tawba: 9/128
  14. an-Nur: 24/63
  15. al-Ahzab: 33/56
  16. al-Hujurat: 49/1-2
  17. at-Tawba: 9/24
  18. Aal-i Imran: 3/31
  19. al-Ahzab: 33/21
  20. al-Ahzab: 33/36
  21. an-Nisa: 4/61
  22. an-Nisa: 4/64-65
  23. al-Hajj: 22/67
  24. an-Najm: 53/3-4
  25. an-Nur: 24/63
  26. at-Tawba: 9/29
  27. an-Nisa: 4/105
  28. an-Nisa: 4/113
  29. an-Nisa: 4/113
  30. an-Nisa: 4/59;83
  31. an-Nisa:  4/80
  32. al-Hashr: 59/7
  33. Al-i İmran:  3/32
  34. an-Nisa: 4/65
  35. Aal-i Imran: 3/132
  36. al-Anfal: 8/13
  37. at-Tawba: 9/63
  38. an-Nur: 24/63
  39. al-Ahzab: 33/36
  40. an-Nisa: 4/13
  41. an-Nisa: 4/59
  42. an-Nisa: 4/69
  43. an-Nisa: 4/80
  44. an-Nur: 24/52
  45. al-Hujurat: 49/14
  46. an-Nur: 24/54
  47. at-Tawba: 9/24

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