Who is a Believer? What are the characteristics of a Believer?

A believer is a person who believes in Allah, the hereafter and the other pillars of belief. If a person says I am a Muslim, he is regarded as a Muslim.

We can list the main characteristics of Muslims that Allah states in the Quran as follows:

• Believers worship only Allah.There is no being other than him that they deify in their minds. (al-Fatiha, 1/1-7; an-Nisa, 4/36)

• They fear Allah.They avoid doing things that are forbidden by Allah or that are contrary to His consent. (Aal-i Imran, 3/102; Yasin, 36/11; at-Taghabun, 64/15-16; az-Zumar, 39/23)

• They trust only in Allah.(al-Baqara, 2/249; at-Tawba, 9/25-26)

• They fear none but Allah.(al-Ahzab, 33/39)

• They thank Allah. Therefore, having economic difficulties or being in welfare does not make them sorry or does not cause them to boast. (al-Baqara, 2/172; al-Isra, 17/3; Ibrahim, 14/7)

• They have believed with definite knowledge.They never have the thought of returning without attaining the consent of Allah. They continue to serve their religion more enthusiastically every day. (al-Hujurat, 49/15; al-Baqara, 2/4)

• They hold fast by the Quran. They arrange all of their deeds in accordance with the Quran. They immediately abandon doing something if they notice that it is contrary to the Quran. (al-Araf, 7/170; al-Maida, 5/49; al-Baqara, 2/121)

• They always mention the name of Allah. They know that Allah sees and hears everything; they always keep it in mind that Allah's power is limitless. (Aal-i Imran, 3/191; ar-Rad, 13/28; an-Nur, 24/37; al-Araf, 7/205; al-Ankabut, 29/45)

• They know that they are weak in the presence of Allah. They are modest. (However, it does not mean to appear weak in the presence of other people and to act in abasement.) (al-Baqara, 2/286; al-Araf, 7/188)

• They know that everything comes from Allah.Therefore, they never panic when something happens; they act cold-bloodedly and relying on Allah. (at-Tawba, 9/51; at-Taghabun, 64/11; Yunus, 10/49; al-Hadid, 57/22)

• They have turned toward the hereafter; they have determined the hereafter as their main target.However, they also benefit from worldly bounties; they try to form an environment that is like Paradise in this world. (an-Nisa, 4/74; Sad, 38/46; al-Araf, 7/31-32)

• They hold only believers as their friends and confidants.(al-Maida, 5/55-56; al-Mujadala, 58/22)

• They have mind.They are always careful and alert because they are conscious of their worship. They always serve believers and the religion of Islam rationally. (al-Mumin, 40/54; az-Zumar, 39/18)

• They struggle mentally with might and main on behalf of Allah against deniers, especially the leading deniers. They continue their struggle without fearing and laziness.(al-Anfal, 8/39; al-Hajj, 22/78; al-Hujurat, 49/15; at-Tawba, 9/12)

• They are not afraid of telling the truth. They do not avoid revealing the truth because they are afraid of people. They do not fear what deniers say about them; they do not heed their mockery and attacks; they are not afraid of the criticism of those who blame them. (al-Maida, 5/54, 67; al-Araf, 7/2)

• To convey the religion of Allah to people.They invite people to the religion of Allah in various ways. (Nuh, 71/5-9)

• They are not oppressive.They are merciful and tender-minded. (an-Nahl, 16/125; at-Tawba, 9/128; Hud, 11/75)

• They restrain anger; they are tolerant and forgiving.(Aal-i Imran, 3/134; al-Araf, 7/199; ash-Shura, 42/40-43)

• They are reliable people.They display a very strong personality and they impress with confidence. (ad-Duhan, 44/17-18; at-Takwir, 81/19-21; al-Maida, 5/12; an-Nahl, 16/120)

• They suffer from oppression and cruelty. (ash-Shuara, 26/49, 167; al-Ankabut, 29/24; Yasin, 36/18; Ibrahim, 14/6; an-Naml, 27/49, 56; Hud, 11/91)

• They put up with difficulties. (al-Ankabut, 29/2-3; al-Baqara, 2/156, 214; Aal-i Imran, 3/142, 146, 195; al-Ahzab, 33/48; Muhammad, 47/31; al-Anam, 6/34)

• They do not fear oppression and death. (at-Tawba, 9/111; Aal-i Imran, 3/156-158, 169-171, 173; ash-Shuara, 26/49-50; as-Saffat, 37/97-99; an-Nisa, 4/74)

• They encounter the attacks and traps of deniers.(al-Baqara, 2/14, 212)

• They are under the protection of Allah.All of the traps set against them fail. Allah makes them superior by protecting them against all slanders and traps. (Aal-i Imran, 3/110-111, 120; Ibrahim, 14/46; al-Anfal, 8/30; an-Nahl, 16/26; Yusuf, 12/34; al-Hajj, 22/38; al-Maida, 5/42, 105; an-Nisa, 4/141)

• They act cautiously against deniers.(an-Nisa, 4/71, 102; Yusuf, 12/67)

• They treat Satan and his adherents as enemies.(Fatir, 35/6; az-Zukhruf, 43/62; al-Mumtahina, 60/1; an-Nisa, 4/101; al-Maida, 5/82)

• They struggle against hypocrites; they do not spend time with them.(at-Tawba, 9/83, 95, 123)

• They prevent the tyranny of deniers. (al-Ahzab, 33/60-62; al-Hashr, 59/6; at-Tawba, 9/14-15, 52)

• They conduct their affairs by mutual consultation. (ash-Shura, 42/38)

• They do not envy or imitate the ostentatious lives of unbelievers.(al-Kahf, 18/28; at-Tawba, 9/55; Taha, 20/131)

• They are not affected by wealth and rank. (al-Hajj, 22/41; al-Qasas, 28/79-80; an-Nahl, 16/123)

• They act meticulously regarding worship; they perform prayers, fasting and similar worship carefully. (al-Baqara, 2/238; al-Anfal, 8/3; al-Muminun, 23/1-2)

• They do not follow the majority but the criteria given by Allah.(al-Anam, 6/116)

They strive with might and main in order to approach Allahand be a model believer. (al-Maida, 5/35; Fatir, 35/32; al-Waqia, 56/10-14; al-Furqan, 25/74)

• They do not act based on the effect of Satan. (al-Araf, 7/201; al-Hijr, 15/39-42; an-Nahl, 16/98-99)

• They do not follow their fathers blindly.They act in accordance with the Quran. (Ibrahim, 14/10; Hud, 11/62, 109)

• They do not waste by excess. (al-Anam, 6/141; al-Furqan, 25/67)

• They act chastely and marry in the way that Allah wants.(al-Muminun, 23/5-6; an-Nur, 24/3, 26, 30; al-Baqara, 2/221; al-Maida, 5/5; al-Mumtahina, 60/10)

• They do not go to extremes in religion.(al-Baqara, 2/143; an-Nisa, 4/171)

• They are altruistic.(al-Insan, 76/8; Aal-i Imran, 3/92, 134; at-Tawba, 9/92)

• They give importance to cleaning. (al-Baqara, 2/125, 168; Muddaththir, 74/1-5)

• They do not spy on each other.(al-Hujurat, 49/12)

• They avoid greed. (an-Nisa, 4/128)

• Pray for forgiveness from Allah.(al-Baqara, 2/286; Aal-i Imran, 3/16-17, 147, 193; al-Hashr, 59/10; Nuh, 71/28)

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