What is Christianity? Will you give information about the Christianity mentioned in the Quran?
Christianity is a religion that is originally based on revelation, that has a holy book and that is originally monotheistic; however, it was transformed into the belief of trinity afterwards. There are religious concepts like prophets, angels, the hereafter and qadar (destiny) in this religion but they are not understood and explained in the same way as they are in Islam.
In fact, Christianityis a religion that is based on monotheism. There are statements confirming this fact in the Bibles and other resources. Oneness of Allah is mentioned (John, V / 44). However, some phrases and figurative expressions in the same texts caused the emergence of the belief of trinity. Some writers of the Bible and the time period between Jesus and the time of writing the Bibles had an important role in this understanding. On the other hand, trinity is not expressed clearly anywhere in the holy book of Christianity. However, some expressions like "I and the Father are one", "your father's spirit", "God's spirit" led to some interpretations that regarded Jesus and holy spirit as God along with God.
The first person to start these interpretations was Paul, who joined the disciples later. Paul, who is defined as "the greatest theologian during the time of Jesus", is known as the founder of the Christianity today. According to modern scholars, today's Christianity consists of the interpretations of Paul rather than the system introduced by Jesus. It can even be said that the centuries that followed based their religious beliefs on Paul's interpretations rather than the Bibles. Paul's suggestions focused on Jesus Messiah rather than God. According to him, Jesus was not only a human being but also a being revived by the power of God.
As it is seen, today's Christianityis based onthe interpretations of Paul. Both theoriginal form of the religion and the Bible, their holy book, were distorted. Christianity is a distorted religion. Therefore, the Christianity adopted by the Christians living today and the Christianity mentioned by the Quran are completely different from each other.
In the Quran, the word "Nasrani" is used for a Christian and the word "Nasara" for Christians. (Aal-i Imran, 3/67; al-Baqara, 2/62, 111, 113, 135, 140; al-Maida, 5/14, 18, 51, 69, 82; at-Tawba, 9/30; al-Hajj, 22/17). Christians are also addressed by the verses containing the phrase "Ahl al-Kitab" (the People of the Book) like the following verse:
"Say: "O people of the Book! come to common terms as between us and you: that we worship none but Allah; that we associate no partners with Him."(Aal-i Imran, 3/64)
According to the Quran, just like Jews, Christians did not keep their promise; therefore, enmity and grudge will dominate them until Doomsday. Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) is a messenger sent to them, too. He explained to them most of the things hidden by the People of the Book. However, Jews and Christians said they were "Allah's sons and beloved ones"; thus, they opposed Hz. Muhammad (pbuh). Jews regarded Uzayr and Christians regarded Jesus as God's son. They became unbelievers since they deified human beings. (al-Maida, 5/12-18; at-Tawba, 9/20) They acted contrarily to the essence of the religion of oneness by attributing sons to God. However, the following is stated in the Quran:
"Say: He is Allah the One and Only; Allah, the Eternal, Absolute; He begetteth, not nor is He begotten; And there is none like unto Him.."(al-Ikhlas, 112/1-4).
The Quran states that Jesus is Allah's slave and messenger and that he conveys the message of oneness. (al-Maida, 5/46-47, 62-69, 72-77). In that case, the Christians who deify Jesus say, "Allah is one of three in a Trinity" (al-Maida, 5/72-75); thus, they deviate from the true path and move away from the line of oneness. Allah calls the Christians who move away from the principle of oneness to the origin of the religions, to oneness and the way of Islam. (al-Maida 5/46).
As it is stated above, Christianity is originally a true religion. Its prophet is Jesus and its book is the Bible. Jesus, who forms the focus of today's Christianity and the basis of Paul's theology, is God's slave and messenger. Jesus himself expresses it as follows:
He said: "I am indeed a servant of Allah: He hath given me revelation and made me a prophet; And He hath made me Blessed wheresoever I be, and hath enjoined on me Prayer and Charity as long as I live; (He) hath made me kind to my mother, and not overbearing or miserable; So Peace is on me the day I was born, the day that I die and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)"! (Maryam, 19/30-33).
Besides, The Christians who deified Jesus and his mother, forming the creed of trinity will be confronted with Jesus on the Day of Judgment; thus, the lies told by the Christians will be revealed once more. This issue is stated as follows in the Quran:
"Allah will say "O Jesus the son of Mary! Didst thou say unto men, `worship me and my mother as gods in derogation of Allah"? He will say: "Glory to Thee! never could I say what I had no right (to say). Had I said such a thing, Thou wouldst indeed have known it. Thou knowest what is in my heart, though I know not what is in Thine. For Thou knowest in full all that is hidden. Never said I to them aught except what Thou didst command me to say: to wit, `Worship Allah, my Lord, and your Lord'; and I was a witness over them whilst I dwelt amongst them; when Thou didst take me up Thou wast the Watcher over them and Thou art a Witness to all things." (al-Maida, 5/116, 117).
The Christianity in the period of the Prophet (pbuh) was distorted just like today's Christianity.
Then, today's Christianity is not the same as the Christianity conveyed by Jesus. They themselves made up the statements like ''the Christians call Christ the son of Allah." (at-Tawba, 9/30) and "and (they take as their Lord) Christ the son of Mary." (at-Tawba, 9/31).
Similarly, today's Christians have no relation with the Bible brought by Jesus. (al-Maida, 5/68) For, like Jewish scholars, Christian priests changed the decrees of the Book sent by Allah to them in return for some material benefits. (at-Tawba, 9/34)
- Will you answer the claims related to the Quran, the Gospel and Islamic contradictions?
- What does Ahl al-Kitab (the People of the Book) Mean?
- During the period of which Prophet was pork rendered haram?
- Some Christians believe that Muslims regard Hz. Isa (Jesus Christ) as a bad person. How can we tell them that this belief of theirs is wrong?
- Why was the Quran sent down?
- What is the difference between the Qur’an and the other divine books?
- It is stated that the other prophets also performed prayers. Did performing prayers exist in other religions?
- Will Jesus Christ descend again upon earth before the Doom breaks out?
- Who is an Unbeliever? What are the Causes that Lead one to Unbelief?
- Why to Choose Islam?