Are Christians who believe in trinity regarded as People of the Book? Can the flesh of the animals slaughtered by them be eaten? Can Muslims marry them?

The Details of the Question

Will you explain the belief of trinity in Christianity? Are people who have this belief regarded as People of the Book today? Can the flesh of the animals slaughtered by them be eaten? Can Muslims marry them?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Allah Almighty states the following in verse 17 of the chapter of al-Maida:

“In blasphemy indeed are those that say that Allah is Christ the son of Mary. Say: "Who then hath the least power against Allah, if His will were to destroy Christ the son of Mary, his mother, and all every - one that is on the earth? For to Allah belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between. He createth what He pleaseth. For Allah hath power over all things.”

Some verses regarding the issue are as follows:

"The Jews call ´Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah´s curse be on them..." (at-Tawba, 9/30)

"They say: ‘Allah hath begotten a son.’ Glory be to Him.-Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him." (al-Baqara, 2/116)

"O People of the Book!... Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) a messenger of Allah... Say not ‘Trinity’… Allah is one Allah: Glory be to Him: (far exalted is He) above having a son..." (an-Nisa, 4/171)

"They do blaspheme who say: ‘Allah is Christ the son of Mary.’ But said Christ: ‘O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’… They do blaspheme who say: ‘Allah is one of three in a Trinity.’ (al-Maida, 5/72, 73)

According to those verses, the belief of trinity is not something new. For, Allah calls them "unbelievers". So, the understanding of trinity of Christians belongs to the time before the Prophet (pbuh). Despite this, the Quran uses the phrase People of the Book in the same verses. Therefore, those who believe in trinity are regarded as People of the Book; what they slaughter can be eaten; it is permissible to marry a woman of People of the Book.

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