If I don't know anything about Fiqh in Islam. What should I learn? Could you tell me about at least the most necessary ones at once?

The Details of the Question

There are too many people that who is doesn't know anything about basic fiqh. So, we need help from you. Inshallah it will be a guidence for them.

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The basic knowledge related to belief and worship that Muslims should know is called ilm al-hal (catechism). This knowledge is written in the books called ilm al-hal.

It is fard for a person to learn enough fiqh knowledge to perform his deeds of worship. A person who cannot find the opportunity to learn is held responsible for what he knows. However, those who have suitable learning opportunities have to learn.

Is it fard for a person to acquire knowledge of ilm al-hal (catechism)?

Answer

Before giving an answer to the question, it is necessary to see what topics are included in the Islamic ilm al-hal (catechism).

As it is known, the following main issues are dealt with in the current ilm al-hals: Principles of belief and Islam, deeds of worship, halal and haram things...

In fact, “ilm al-hal” means the knowledge of state, the knowledge of life, and the knowledge of practicing Islam. Islam can only be practiced by knowing and learning. It is necessary to read a book in which religious knowledge is collected in order to learn; and this need is largely met by ilm al-hal.

The basis of the knowledge of ilm al-hal is the following hadith of the Prophet (pbuh):

“Acquiring knowledge is fard for every Muslim.” (Ibn Majah, Muqaddima: 17)

Baydawi states the following: “What is meant by knowledge in the hadith is to know the Creator of the universe, to know his unity and the prophethood of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), and to learn the knowledge about how to perform prayers and within the framework of what kind of decrees.”

Bayhaqi states the following: “What is meant by knowledge in the hadith is general religious knowledge that a sane Muslim who has reached the age of puberty is expected to know normally and that cannot be thought of not knowing.”

Some scholars evaluate the issue as follows:

“It is fard to learn about halal and haram, the principles of Islam and creed. In addition, the hadith may mean learning any knowledge that benefits people. For, it is fard al-kifayah for all Muslims to learn the sciences that can meet the needs of Muslims. If some of the Muslims learn them, the others will not be held responsible.”

Yes, as it can be seen in the explanations above, the knowledge included in ilm al-hals is the topics that every Muslim needs to know related to belief, worship and daily life.

The same thing holds true for fasting, zakah and hajj. It is necessary to obtain the knowledge about the issue in order to perform those deeds of worship.

It is possible to say the same about halal and haram issues. It is obvious that it is not possible to lead an Islamic life without knowing what is halal and what is haram in daily life. It is fard to learn them.

Will you please click on the links given below;

Will you please give information about Fiqh? What is the aim of Fiqh?

Fundementals of Belief

Worshipping

Questions on Islam

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