How is wudu made? Will you give information about the virtue of wudu?

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How is wudu made? Will you give information about the virtue of wudu?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Abu Hurayra narrates: "The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, ‘When a slave - a Muslim or a believer - washes his face in wudu, every sin he committed with his eyes will be washed away from his face along with the water - or with the last drop of water; when he washes his hands, every sin he committed with his hands will be effaced from his hands with the water - or with the last drop of water; and when he washes his feet, every sin toward which his feet walked will be washed away with the water - or with the last drop of water; consequently, he will come out pure from all sins.’" (Muslim, Taharah 32, (244); Muwatta, Taharah 31, (1, 32); Tirmizi, Taharah 2)

Hz. Uthman narrates: "The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, ‘If a person performs wudu well, his sins will come out from his body, even from under his nails.’'' The following is stated in another narration: "Hz. Uthman made wudu and said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) make wudu as I did and say, ‘If a person makes wudu like this, his previous sins will be forgiven; his prayer and walking to the mosque will be nafilah worshipping.’" (Bukhari, Wudu 25; Muslim, Taharah 8, 229)

Amr Ibnu Abasa as-Sulami narrates: "The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, ‘None of you who uses water for ablution and rinses his mouth, snuffs up water and blows it, but the sins of his face, and his mouth and his nostrils fall out. When he washes his face, as Allah has commanded him, the sins of his face fall out from the end of his beard with water. When he washes his forearms up to the elbows, the sins of his arms fall out along with water from his finger-tips. And when he wipes his head, the sins of his head fall out from the points of his hair along with water. And when he washes his feet up to the ankles, the sins of his feet fall out from his toes along with water. And if he stands to pray and praises Allah, lauds Him and glorifies Him with what becomes Him and shows wholehearted devotion to Allah, his sins would depart leaving him as innocent as he was on the day his mother bore him.’" (Muslim, Musafirin 294, 832)

Abu Umama al-Bahili narrates: "I listened to Amr Ibnu Abasa. He said, ‘I asked the Messenger of Allah (pbuh), ‘How is wudu made?’ He explained it as follows: ‘When you perform wudu, wash your two hands to clean them. Then, wash your face and hands up to the elbows; then, wipe your head, and wash your feet up to the ankles. When you complete them, you will be purified of your sins.  You will emerge from your sins like the day your mother bore you.’'' (Muslim, Musafirin 294, (832); Nasai, Taharah 108, (1, 91, 92).

Humran Mawla Uthman narrates: "Hz. Uthman asked for water. I brought it and he poured water on his hands and washed them three times. Then he put his right hand in the water and rinsed his mouth and his nose. Then he washed his face three times, and his arms up to the elbow three times. Then he wiped his head, and washed each of his feet three times. Then he said: ‘I saw the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) performing wudu like I have just done.’ When, he finished wudu, he said: ‘If a person performs wudu as I have done and stands and prays two rak'ahs without letting his thoughts wander, his previous sins will be forgiven." (Bukhari, Wudu 24, 28, Sawm 27; Muslim, Taharah 3, 4, (226); Abu Dawud, Taharah 50, (106); Nasai, Taharah 27, 2 8, 93)

The following is stated in another narration Abu Dawud recorded from Ibn Mulayka: "Uthman b. Affan who was asked about ablution. He called for water. A vessel was brought to him. He poured water on his right hand and washed it. Then put his right hand in the water, rinsed his mouth and his nose three times. (He did the same things mentioned in the previous hadith. The following addition exists in the hadith:) He then put his hand in the water and took it out; then he wiped his head and ears, in and out only once.” (Abu Dawud, Taharah 50, (108)

Abdu Khayr narrates: "Ali came upon us and performed a prayer. He called for water. We thought: ‘What will he do with water? He has already offered prayer. He probably wants it to teach us.’ A utensil containing water and a washbasin were brought to him. He poured water from the utensil on his right hand and washed his hands three times. Then, he rinsed the mouth, snuffed up water and cleansed the nose three times. He rinsed the mouth and snuffed up water with the same hand by which he took water. He then washed his face three times, and washed his right hand three times and washed his left hand three times. He then put his hand in water and wiped his head once. He then washed his right foot thrice and left foot thrice; then, he said, ‘If one is pleased to know the method of performing ablution of the Messenger of Allah, this is how he did it.’" (Abu Dawud, Taharah 50, (111); Tirmidhi, Taharah 37, (48); Nasai, Taharah 75)

Another narration by Nasai is as follows: ".. He wiped his head.'' - Shu'ba once pointed to his forehead up to the back of his head – then, he said, "I do not know whether he wiped his hands back.'' (Nasai, Taharah 76)

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