How can we understand that Hazrat Hawwa (Eve) was created from Hazrat Adam?
Submitted by on Wed, 22/07/2009 - 15:08
Dear Brother / Sister,
Although there are various narrations about when and how Hazrat Hawwa (Eve) was created, we do not have clear and certain information about it. However, we find out from the following verses in the Quran that she was created from Hazrat Adam (pbuh) (or from the same matter as Adam): "It is He who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love)" (al-A'raf, 7/189), "O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord Who created you from a single person, created, of like nature, his mate and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women" (an-Nisa, 4/1).
What is clearly understood from the verses is that Hazrat Hawwa and Hazrat Adam were created from the same matter (soul) and that Hazrat Adam (pbuh) was created before Hazrat Hawwa. Some scholars put forward the view that Hawwa was created from Adam, an organ of Adam based on the following expression in the verse "... and made his mate of like nature ".
If it is paid attention, it will be understood that with the expression; “It is He who created you from a single person”, the Quran states that all of the people were created from one soul and Hazrat Hawwa was created from “it”, that is from that soul. What is meant by the phrase “from it” in the verse maybe Hazrat Adam (pbuh) or the original matter that Adam (pbuh) was created from. Doubtlessly, Allah knows the best.
Although it is definite that Hawwa was created from a single person (soul), we cannot find any extra information in the Quran about how that creation occurred. The narration that Ibn Kathir mentions in his tafsir (interpretation) is as follows:
When Iblis (the devil) was expelled from Paradise (because of his well-known crime), Adam (pbuh) was sent to Paradise. He wandered there for some time alone, without having someone that he might take rest in. He fell asleep; when he woke up, he saw a woman that Allah created from his rib. He asked her: "What are you? The woman answered: "a woman". Then he asked the woman why she was created. The woman answered, "so that you might take rest in me". Meanwhile the angels saw them and asked Adam who she was in order to test his knowledge. Adam (pbuh) said she was Hawwa. When the angels asked him why he gave her that name, she said, "because she was created from something living. (Ibn Kathir, "Tafsiru'l-Qur'ani'l-Azim", I, 112).
According to the narration of Bukhari, the Prophet (pbuh) said; “Treat women nicely, because woman was created from a rib. ", (in another narration, "is like a rib”, and the most curved portion of the rib is its upper portion, so, if you try to straighten it, it will break, but if you leave it as it is, it will remain crooked. So treat women nicely” (Bukhari, Anbiya, 1). In the narration of Muslim, the following phrase is present ".... if you try to straighten it, it will break, its break is divorce."
As it is understood from the following verses, “Allah did choose Adam above all people " (Aal-e Imran, 3/33) “Allah created Adam from dust, then said to him: "Be" and he was. " (Âli imran, 3/59) Adam was created from dust by being chosen. That meaning was reported as "Hawwa was created from a rib of Adam", which means a splitting. That meaning is the foundation of the husband-wife relationship. In a sound hadith, the following is stated, "A woman is like a rib. The woman was created from a rib, a curved rib, if you try to straighten it, it will break; its break is divorce."( Bukhari, Nikah 79; Muslim, Rada 65; Tirmidhi, Talaq 12; Darimi, Nikah 45; Ahmad b. Hanbal, II, 428, 449, 530, V, 164.) .
Here, the curved rib indicates splitting, but it is also a simile showing the mismatch of nature between man and woman and a warning that trying to make a woman like a man will break her. In addition, in other hadiths, it is stated that the separation into parts took place at the beginning of the creation in Paradise.
Questions on Islam
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- Will you explain verses 189 and 190 of the chapter of al-A'raf?
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- Question 15: Is it not possible for man to have been created from a small living being and to become a human being after developing gradually? Is there a verse of the Quran or a hadith contrary to this view?
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