Did the Prophet (pbuh) curse anyone?

Details of the Question

Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) said, "Allah has cursed the women who do tattoos and those who have this done, who pluck eyebrows and change the creation of Allah by filing their teeth for beauty." (Ibn Hajar al-Haytami, az-Zawajir, Egypt 1970, I, 141) Did Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) curse anyone?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Hz. Prophet (pbuh) used the word curse in the sense of damning, hating and insulting. It is stated in narrations that Hz. Prophet (pbuh) damned Sons of Ril, Zakwan, Lihyan and Usayya for forty days every morning because of the Muslims martyred by them in the Incident of Bi'r Mauna. (Bukhari, Jihad 17)

On the other hand, the Prophet (pbuh) prohibited Muslims from cursing randomly; he also prohibited the Companions from cursing one another and powers of nature. (Abu Dawud Adab, 4908; Muslim, Birr, 80-87)

There is a disagreement among Islamic scholars about whom it is permissible to curse. Some scholars hold the view that it is not permissible to curse Muslims by any means. However, some scholars say that it is permissible to curse Muslims who are fasiqs (sinners, wicked people). The issue of the permissibility of cursing unbelievers is also disputable. Some scholars hold the view that it is permissible to curse unbelievers without any conditions. Some scholars hold the view that it is not wajib to curse unbelievers; it is permissible to curse them but it is better and more useful not to curse them. (Fakhruddin ar-Razi, Tafsir Kabir Translation. III/188; Ibn Majah, Translation and Explanation, X /148).

THE INCIDENT OF BI'R MAUNA

It is the incident in which seventy teachers and scholars of Islam from the Companions were martyred near Mauna Well, which is between the land of Sons of Amir and Sons of Sulaym.

In the fourth year of the Migration, four months after the Battle of Uhud, Abu Bara, the leader of Najd, came to Madinah. He asked the Prophet to send some Companions to teach his people about Islam. The Prophet got suspicious and said, "I am worried about the people I will send because of the people of Najd." Abu Bara gave a guarantee and said, “The people of Najd cannot dare to touch them if I take them under protection.” Thereupon, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) wrote a letter to Abu Bara's nephew, Amir bin Tufayl. Amir ruled his tribe on behalf of his paternal uncle at that time. Then, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) sent a group of seventy people from the Companions headed by Mundhir b. Amr. They were hafizes from Ashab as-Suffa.

When the delegation arrived at the region of Bi'r Mauna (Mauna Well), they confronted a big treason. Amir bin Tufayl surrounded the teachers with a big army without even reading the letter that the Prophet (pbuh) sent. His own tribe did not want to kill the teachers whom Abu Bara had taken under his protection; so, he gathered men from other tribes. When the Muslims understood that they had been surrounded, they drew their swords and said to the people who surrounded them, “We swear by Allah that we are the teachers that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) sent; we have nothing to do with you.” However, they did not listen to the Companions. The Companions prayed to Allah as follows: "O Allah! There is nobody that can inform Your Messenger about our situation here. Send our greetings to him. O Allah! Inform our tribe through our Prophet that we have attained our Lord. Our Lord is pleased with us and we are pleased with our Lord." They were martyred by the ruthless swords of the enemy. Allah fulfilled the wish of His beloved slaves and sent Jibril, (Gabriel) the angel of revelation, to the Prophet (pbuh). Jibril said to the Prophet (pbuh) "They attained their Lord. Their Lord became pleased with them and pleased them."

When the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was informed about the situation, he became very sad. He delivered a sermon to inform the Companions about the incident. After praising Allah, he spoke as follows: "Your brothers were surrounded by the polytheists and were martyred. None of them survived. They became pleased with Allah and Allah became pleased with them."

The next morning after this sad news, when the Messenger of Allah stood up from ruku’ in the second rak’ah of the morning prayer (fajr), he cursed the polytheists as follows:

"O Allah! I refer their state to you. O Allah! Make their years tough like the famine years during the time of the Prophet Yusuf (Joseph)! Make life unbearable for them!" The Prophet kept saying this prayer for a month after each daily prayer. The Companions said ‘Amin’ when he prayed like that and this prayer was accepted.

Durak PUSMAZ

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