Is committing suicide present in the destiny of a person?
Details of the QuestionIs commiting suicide a sin,may be it was already written i was suppose to die in this way,i heard that allah has writen everything before a humanbeing takes birth,without allah's wish nothing can happen may be wants this to happen then y its a sin?
Submitted by on Tue, 07/07/2009 - 21:23
Dear Brother / Sister,1- You can ask anything that occupies your mind about destiny. It does not mean that you deny destiny. As we learn from the Quran, Hazrat Ibrahim (Abraham) asked Allah how He would revive the dead. Then he said he asked not because he did not believe but because he wanted to satisfy his heart. Therefore, we can ask the questions that occupy our minds. We will try to answer them as much as we can.
2- The real meaning of destiny is the fact that Allah knows everything that happened and that will happen. We should pay attention that the will of man is not overlooked. To know and to do are different things. It is Allah who knows and it is the slave who does. Let us give an example regarding the issue;
Our Prophet informed us and gave the good news about the conquest of İstanbul and the commander hundreds of years ago. Then, it happened as he had informed us. Was İstanbul conquered because our Prophet said so, or did he say so because he knew that it would be conquered? Then, if Fatih had lain down and had not worked and had not prepared armies, would it have happened? It means, Allah knew that Fatih would work hard to conquer İstanbul and He informed His Messenger about it.
The focal point here is that we are doing things not because Allah knows them. Allah knows them because we are going to do them. Besides, it is impossible to think that Allah will not know about the future. If He did not or could not know, He would not be the Creator.
Let us give an example; Let us think of a teacher who is a saint (wali), friend of Allah. He says to one of his students, “I will give you a test about this book tomorrow.” However, the teacher knows, by the permission of Allah, that the student will watch films, play sports and games, etc and he will come to school the next morning without studying; so the teacher writes “0” in the report of the boy in the evening. The next morning, the student cannot answer any of the questions and he knows that he deserves “0”. Just then, the teacher takes out the notebook and says to the student, “I knew that you were not going to study and wrote “0” in the notebook. Then, can the student say, “I got zero because you had written zero beforehand. I would have passed if you had written a good mark”?
It means, we do not do something because Allah has written it for us; Allah knows what we are going to do and He writes them beforehand. We call it destiny.
3-We can divide destiny into two: compulsory destiny and voluntary destiny.
We have no effect on "compulsory destiny". It is written completely out of our will. The place where we are going to be born, our parents, our shape, our abilities are all related to compulsory destiny. We cannot decide about them ourselves. We have no responsibility for that kind of destiny.
The second part of destiny depends upon our will. Allah knew it with His pre-eternal knowledge and ordained what we are going to decide and what we are going to do. The question you have asked is dealt with in this field. That is, the person decides to commit suicide using his own will. If that person is shot by someone else, then it is not called committing suicide.
Our heart beats, our blood is cleaned, our cells grow, reproduce and die. A lot of things that we do not know take place in our body. We do not do any of them. Those activities go on even when we are asleep.
However, we know very well that there are some things that we do of our own accord. We decide for actions like eating, drinking, speaking and walking. We have a will though it is weak; we have some knowledge though it is little; we have some power though it is feeble.
When we come to a crossroads, we decide which way to go. Life is full of crossroads.
Then, who can we blame for a crime that we preferred deliberately and we decided and committed without any outside force?
The will of man, which is called partial free will, causes great things to happen by making use of the laws that are valid in the universe though it may seem insignificant.
Suppose that the top floor of a building is full of bounties, the basement is full of torture devices, and that a person is in the elevator. The person is informed about the building; he will receive the bounties if he pushes the button of the top floor and he will undergo torture if he pushes the button of the basement.
Here, what the will is to do is to decide which button to push and act. The elevator moves in accordance with some physical and mechanical laws not with the power and will of that person. That is, the person does not go up to the top floor using his power; he does not go down to the basement using his power, either. However, to determine where the elevator will go is left to the will of that person.
All of the things that a person does using his own will can be evaluated in accordance with that criterion. For instance, God Almighty informed men that going to the pub or bar was haram (forbidden) and going to the mosque was meritorious. Man can go to both places as in the example of the elevator.
Man’s will is not in question for the activities in the universe nor for the activities in the body; the body acts in accordance with the divine laws called universal laws. However, where man will go depends on his own will. The body goes towards the place where man wants him to go in accordance with the button he pushes; therefore, the reward or the punishment of the place he goes belongs to that person.
It should be noted that the person who says, “What is my fault?” by blaming the destiny does not take his will into account.
If man is “a leaf blown by the wind”, if he has no choice, if he is not responsible for what he does, then what is the meaning of crime? Does a person who says so not apply to the court when he is exposed to injustice?
However, he should have thought like this in accordance with his understanding: “That man burned my house, he defamed my honor, he killed my son but he is excusable. It was his destiny to commit those crimes; he has no sins; he could not have acted otherwise.”
Do those who are exposed to injustice really think like that?
If man were not responsible of what he did, the words “good” and “bad” would be meaningless. It would be unnecessary to appreciate the heroes and to despise traitors. Both of them would do what they did involuntarily. However, nobody can claim like that. Every man accepts that he is responsible for what he does and he is not like a leaf blown by the wind, in all conscience.
Questions on Islam
- 6. Destiny
- Does man determine his qadar (destiny) on his own? Can a person's qadar change?
- What is Compulsory and Voluntary Destiny?
- To what extent do we have power/will on our lives?
- What is partial free will?
- Could you give detailed information about fate?
- Is man doomed to his destiny?
- HOW CAN DIVINE DESTINY AND HUMAN FREE WILL BE RECONCILED?
- Is man doomed to his destiny?
- What is partial free will?
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