Can there be a connection between Hz. Isa and the concept “spirit or amr (affair)”?

Details of the Question

"He rules (all) affairs from the heavens to the earth: in the end will (all affairs) go up to Him, on a Day, the space whereof will be (as) a thousand years of your reckoning." (as-Sajda, 32/5) 
- We understand from the verse above that amr goes up to Allah.

"They ask thee concerning the Spirit (of inspiration). Say: ‘The Spirit (cometh) by command of my Lord’…" (al-Isra, 17/85)
 - We understand from the verse above that spirit is from Allah's amr.

"…Which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him..." (an-Nisa, 4/171)
- We understand from the verse above that Hz. Isa is a spirit. 

"Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power, wise." (an-Nisa, 4/158) 
- Allah states in the verse above that He raised Isa up unto Himself. 

- Since spirit is from Lord’s amr, since amr goes up to Allah and since Hz. Isa is a spirit from Lord’s amr, did Isa go up to Allah like the other amrs?  

- Yes, there are many verses in which the words amr and spirit are mentioned and the verbs coming down and going up are used. The following is stated in verse 52 of the chapter of ash-Shura: "And thus have We, by Our Command, sent inspiration to thee: thou knewest not (before) what was Revelation, and what was Faith..." (We can understand from the verse that the Quran is also a spirit.) The verb send down is used for the Quran.

- The verbs come down, go up are used a lot related to the words like spirit, the Quran, the book amr, Isa, etc. Therefore, I think there is a connection between Hz. Isa’s going up and amr’s going up; you can look at the Arabic equivalents of the words affair and spirit and the other words; do you not think that there is a similar relationship between Allah’s amr and Isa?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

- We should first say that the words and the concepts used in the Quran can have different meanings in different contexts. It might not generally be true to evaluate those words only based on their lexical meanings without taking the context into consideration.

- The statement “He rules (all) affairs” in the chapter of as-sajda was understood differently by scholars (as affair, revelation):

a) According to Mujahid, the meaning of that statement is “to manage affairs”.

b) According to Suddi, it means “to send down revelation”. (see Mawardi, the relevant place)

The management of affairs or the sending down of the revelation belongs to Allah but it is known that angels are used for them. For instance, Jibril is the angel of revelation. 

- The management of the affairs: Hz. Jibril manages winds and spiritual armies; Hz. Mikail manages waters and rains; Hz. Azrail manages the affair of taking spirits away. Hz. Israfil is in charge of informing them about the orders he takes from Allah to them. (Mawardi, Qurtubi, the interpretation of the verse in question)

- There are three views about what ascending in the statement of the verse “ascend unto him in a Day” means:

a) Jibril ascends unto him in a day after sending down revelation.

b) The angel that manages the affairs after coming down to the earth ascends unto Him in a day.

c) The news of the inhabitants of the earth and the muwakkal angels that carry the news ascend unto him in a Day. (see Qurtubi, Mawardi, ibid)

- According to Qurtubi, angels are not mentioned clearly in the verse but it is understood from the context. However, angels are mentioned clearly in the verse below:

“The angels and the spirit ascend unto him in a Day the measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years.” (al-Maarij, 70/4)

What is meant by “ascend unto him in a Day” in the verse is ascend to heavens / sidratul-muntaha. (Qurtubi, ibid)

- According to Fakhruddin Razi, Allah’s amr (revelation) comes down from up unto to His slaves. The righteous deeds of the slaves that are in compliance with amrs go up from down. (Razi, the interpretation of the verse in question) This explanation is in accordance with the expression of the following verse:

“To Him mount up (all) Words of Purity: It is He Who exalts each Deed of Righteousness (or each Deed of Righteousness makes Words of Purity go up)” (Fatir, 35/10)

- Qadi Baydawi explains the issue as follows: “Allah manages the affairs on earth through means like the angels He sends down from heavens. This management of affairs goes up to Allah in one day again and becomes manifest in His knowledge.” (Baydawi, ibid)

- According to Ibn Ashur, what is meant by the statement “ascend unto him in a Day” is to emphasize that everything takes place based on the creation of Allah. Those deeds of management from the heavens to the earth depend on a cause in appearance but those causes are only veils; the one that creates and manages them is Allah. (cf. Ibn Ashur, the interpretation of the verse in question)

- The information about Hz. Isa’s being ascended to the sky is a fact that is accepted by the great majority of the Islamic scholars. This information is supported by both verses and sound hadiths.

Questions on Islam

Questions on Islam
Subject Categories:
Read 22 times
In order to make a comment, please login or register