Is Azar, Hz. Ibrahim's father? Was Hz. Ibrahim's father a Muslim?

Details of the Question
According to the expression (wataqallubaka fissajidin = and thy movements among those who prostrate themselves) in the chapter of ash-Shuara, were all of the grandfathers of Hz. Muhammad Muslims?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The meaning of the relevant verses is as follows:

“Who seeth thee standing forth (in prayer), And thy movements among those who prostrate themselves. For it is He Who heareth and knoweth all things.” (ash-Shuara, 26/218-220)

- According to some scholars, the meaning of "wa taqallubaka fissajidin" is Hz. Prophet's movements between the parts of the prayer qiyam (standing) - ruku' (bowing down) - sajdah (prostration). According to some others, it indicates that he sees the congregation behind him when he performs prayers. (see Tabari, the interpretation of the relevant verse)

- According to some other scholars, its meaning is as follows: When the Prophet (pbuh) got up for tahajjud prayer at night, he walked around to see whether some Companions performed tahajjud prayer or not or how they performed it. (see Razi, the interpretation of the relevant verse)

- As for the main issue in the question, there is information that all of the fathers (ancestors) of the Prophet (pbuh) were believers, that his light travelled among those who prostrated and that it was turned to him. (see Razi, the interpretation of the relevant verse). However, Razi mentions this interpretation as the view of Rafizis and states that it is not true.

- It is certain that AZAR is not a believer. However, there are different views whether he is Hz. Ibrahim’s father or uncle.

Those who hold the view that all of the ancestors of the Prophet are believers state that the word “AB = Father” was used for AZAR in the Quran and that the word “AB” can also be used in the sense of paternal uncle.

According to some other scholars, AZAR is Hz. İbrahim's father as it is stated in the Quran. (see Razi, the interpretation of the relevant verse)

In his book, Kitabud-Darj-il-Munifa, Imam Suyuti provides information to prove that Azar is Hazrat Ibrahim’s paternal uncle.

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