According to the verse the cunning of satan is feeble, can every trick of satan be understood?

Details of the Question

(Will you answer these two questions by giving evidences from verses and hadiths?)
1. Does the statement “The cunning of Satan is feeble” mean man can understand all tricks of Satan? Is the opposite of it not possible?
2. I do not understand how Satan cannot make tricks that man cannot understand. For instance, I myself could not find answers to some questions related to belief by thinking until I learned the answers. It means there can be some tricks of Satan that I cannot understand.
3. Can ordinary satans exchange information among themselves?
4. Is it not possible for more than one satan to be involved with one man? Why not?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Answer 1 and 2:

The translation of the verse in the question is as follows:

“Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject Faith Fight in the cause of Evil: So fight ye against the friends of Satan: feeble indeed is the cunning of Satan.” (an-Nisa, 4/76)

We will try to explain the issue in a few items:

a) The topic of the verse is war. The believers are encouraged to fight against the deniers. 

When the believers are encouraged to fight, it is emphasized in order to indicate the weakness of the spiritual power of the deniers that the views of Satan, to whom they are attached, his traps they fall into and his tricks are very weak. For, the effect of a view and suggestion is directly proportionate to the benefit it will provide man.  

The view that the believers are encouraged promises a reward (Paradise) and a penalty (Hell); if they fight, they will enter Paradise, if they do not fight, they will go to Hell. 

On the other hand, the suggestions of Satan to his followers are very weak. For, there is neither Paradise nor Hell in his suggestions. The hatred and enmity they nurture against the believers, the loyalty they show to their wrong religion are only the products of a temporary desire.

From this point of view, it is clear that the tricks of Satan are really weak. (cf. Tabari, Razi, Maraghi, the relevant place)

b) Believers support the truth; deniers support the falsehood.

Based on the principle “The truth is superior”, the believers who support the truth are superior in terms of the ending since they will attain the reward of Paradise - even if they are sometimes defeated in the world.   

Allah helps believers and Satan helps unbelievers.

Satan’s help is weak because it is based on some delusions and imagination.

Allah’s help is strong because it is the truth itself.

This help of Allah is indicated in the following verse, which is two verses before the verse stating that the cunning of Satan is feeble: “Let those fight in the cause of Allah Who sell the life of this world for the hereafter. To him who fighteth in the cause of Allah,- whether he is slain or gets victory - Soon shall We give him a reward of great (value).” (an-Nisa, 4/74)

c) If the harms of something are fewer than its benefits, it is regarded as good; if the harms are more, it is regarded as bad.

What is good is essentially strong and what is bad is weak. This fact is emphasized in the verse “Truth has (now) arrived, and Falsehood perished.” From this point of view,

The believers who are followers of Rahman will always be beneficial in war or a struggle related to any religious issue. There may be some worldly losses but they are compensated with eternal benefits; in conclusion, they will be beneficial.

The deniers who are followers of Satan will always lose. They may seem to be beneficial in the world from time to time but the penalties in the hereafter will reduce them to nothing.

Thus, if the believers undergo any losses, it is the lesser evil. If the deniers obtain some temporary benefits, it is the greater evil - since it will bring about eternal losses.

d) Since it is emphasized that the tricks of Satan are feeble, it is indicated that they do not reflect the truth. For, a small fact is enough to eliminate a lot of lies. The following statements express it in a nice way: “A lie never lives to be old.” “The powerful is not right but the right is powerful.”

That is the reason for the weakness of Satan, who is not based on the truth, and his followers.

However, “that tricks of Satan are feeble” does not mean that nobody will be deceived by them but that “nobody should be deceived by them”.

Answer 3:

Yes, satans can exchange information among themselves. It is possible to understand it from the following hadith:

“Iblis places his throne upon water and sends his groups to do evil deeds. The closest to him are those who tempt people to commit the most grievous of sins (fitnah). They come to him to tell him about what they did. One of them says, ‘I did such-and-such.’ However, Iblis tells him, ‘You have done nothing.’ Another one comes and says, ‘I did not leave a man until I caused him to leave his wife and divorce her.’ Iblis becomes very pleased and calls him close to his throne and says to him, ‘How good you are!’” (Muslim, Munafiqun 67; Musnad, 3/314)

Answer 4:

It is possible for more than one satan to be involved with one man. However, not everything that is possible takes place. Evidence is necessary. “If anyone withdraws himself from remembrance of (Allah) Most Gracious, We appoint for him an evil one, to be an intimate companion to him.” (az-Zukhruf, 43/36) What is understood from the apparent meaning of the verse above is that one satan is involved with one man.

We have checked many tafsir resources but have not been able to find any other information.

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