Will you give information about the necessity of belief in the books?
The Quran expresses the necessity of belief in the books in various ways. In some verses regarding the issue, it expresses the necessity of belief in the books by giving orders: "Say ye: 'We believe, in Allah and the revelation given to us and to Abraham Isma`il Isaac Jacob and the Tribes and that given to Moses and Jesus and that given to (all) Prophets from their Lord we make no difference between one and another of them and we bow to Allah (in Islam).'" (al-Baqara, 2/136) "O ye who believe! Believe in Allah and his Messenger, and the scripture which He hath sent to His Messenger and the scripture which He sent to those before (him)…" (an-Nisa, 4/136) In some verses, belief in the books is regarded to be among the properties of believers: "And who believe in the Revelation sent to thee, and sent before thy time, and (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter." (al-Baqara, 2/4) The Prophet has to believe in the books like other believers: "The Messenger believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord, as do the men of faith…" (al-Baqara, 2/285) Some verses express the necessity of belief in the books by stating that it is unbelief and heresy not to believe in the books: "And who denieth Allah, His angels, His Books, His Messengers, and the Day of Judgment, hath gone far, far astray" (an-Nisa, 4/136).
To believe in the books is a necessity of believing in Allah, His angels and His messengers. Allah sends book to people to show them the right way through the prophets He chooses among them. The books are the sum of the revelations sent via angels. A person who believes in Allah but does not believe in the angels and revelation and who opposes prophethood is regarded to have exited Islam. The books are the trusts given to man, who was created as the vicegerent on earth, in other words, the sum of the instructions, orders and prohibitions showing man how to fulfill the duty of realizing the divine system based on the sovereignty of Allah in the world. They contain the principles of belief, ways of worshipping, the deeds that need to be done or not to be done, principles of high ethics, which will arrange human life in the best way, and the basic principles and rules that will organize the political and social life. Therefore, to believe in the books means to accept to organize and arrange man's world of belief and thought, his individual and social life in the way that the Quran states.
No matter what their names are and no matter how they are defined, all of the divine books are the words of Allah. There is no difference between them in terms of their origin and the messages they contain. They are all true and they inform us about the truth. They are sent down via the angels, who were created purely; they cannot be intervened by the devil or other beings since they are under the protection of Allah. They all inform people about the oneness of Allah and the fact that it is necessary to worship Him: "Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me" (al-Anbiya, 21/25) "For We assuredly sent amongst every People a messenger, (with the Command) 'Serve Allah, and eschew Evil'... " (an-Nahl, 16/36) "The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah--that which We have sent by inspiration to thee--and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus: namely, that ye should remain steadfast in Religion, and make no divisions therein…" (ash-Shura, 42/13) However, their languages change based on the communities they are sent down to: "We sent not a messenger except (to teach) in the language of his (own) people, in order to make (things) clear to them." (Ibrahim, 14/4) Some rules and methods also change based on the conditions of the time and the community: "To each among you have We prescribed a Law and an Open Way." (al-Maida, 5/48)
Belief in the books does not mean it is necessary to accept that the current distorted Torah, Psalms and Gospel are real and true. A believer has to accept that their original forms are the words of Allah but he also has to accept that their current versions have been distorted. Therefore, a believer who encounters some information from the Torah or the Gospel has to refer to the Quran and the Sunnah without saying that it is right or wrong. There is no drawback to accepting that the information is true if it does not contradict with the principles and rules stated by the Quran and the Sunnah. However, it is not in question to accept some information that is contrary to the Quran and the Sunnah as information coming from Allah. Then, belief in the books means to believe in the revelation sent by Allah, that the revelation continued together with prophets and that it ended with the Quran in a perfect way.
- SCIENCE, RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS
- Are angels Allah's daughters?
- Attributes necessary to be present in Prophets
- How did the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) believe that he became a prophet?
- THE LABORATORY OF THE UNIVERSE AS A METAPHOR
- What are the causes that lead man to deception?
- What is belief in the angels?
- Would you briefly mention the pillars of faith?