Why do we come to this world since our end is definite?
Why do we come to this world since it is definite in qadar (destiny) that we will either go to Paradise or Hell?
People who think about qadar and who do not comprehend the secrets of qadar ask themselves the most and wonders the most about the answer to this question:
“Allah knows whether I will go to Paradise or to Hell. And He wrote it in my book of qadar. Then, why does He send me to this world?”
It is understood from this question that the person who asks this question thinks that since his end is known by Allah, his coming to this world has no purpose. According to him, if Allah did not know whether he would go to Paradise or Hell, his creation would be meaningful. Since He knows it, his creation is meaningless.
This question is a very illogical question. The purpose of our creation and the wisdom behind our creation has nothing to do with the fact that Allah knows our end. In other words, the wisdom behind coming to this world does not disappear when Allah knows whether we will go to Paradise or Hell.
The person who asks that question does not know the reason behind the creation of the universe and him. That he is unaware of the purpose of creation makes him ask this question. According to him, he came to this world so that the answer to the following question will be clear: “Will he go to Paradise or Hell?” Since Allah knows where he will go and his end through His pre-eternal knowledge, his being sent to this world is nonsense according to him. It means the person who asks this question is unaware of the wisdom behind his creation. Then, we should look for the answer to this question in the wisdom behind the creation of this world and man. When this wisdom is understood, the answer to that question will be found.
In the Quran, Allah Almighty informs us about the purpose of the creation of man through the following verse:
“I have only created jinn and men, that they may serve Me.” (adh-Dhariyat:56)
That is, the purpose of the creation of man is to worship Allah and to be a slave of Him. The essence of worshipping is the following orders:
1- Allah wants to make Himself known through His works of art in this world. The duty of man is to believe in his Creator, who wants to make Himself known through the miracles of His art and to know Him through His holy names that become manifest on the mirrors of the beings.
2- Allah wants to make Himself loved through the beautiful fruits of His mercy in this world. The duty of man is to obey his Merciful Lord, who wants Himself to be loved through the beautiful fruits of His love, and to make Lord love him through worshipping.
3- Allah gives man the tastes of the material and spiritual bounties in this world. The duty of man for these material and spiritual bounties is to thank Allah, who grants him those bounties and who feeds him, through his deeds, attitudes and tongue, and if possible through all of his feelings and organs and to praise Him.
4- Allah shows, through the beings He created, His majesty and perfection. Every being is a mirror of that majesty and perfection, based on its size. Thus, the duty of man toward his Lord, who shows His majesty and perfection on the mirrors of the beings, is to prostrate before Him with complete humbleness, wonder and love.
5- In this world, Allah exhibits His endless wealth and treasures. The duty of man, who watches this wealth, toward his Lord, who shows His endless generosity through His infinite wealth and treasures is to feel his poverty and ask only from Him.
6- Allah created this world in the form of an exhibition and He displayed His art in this exhibition. The duty of man for it toward the artist who created the earth in the form of an exhibition and who showed all of His works of art in this exhibition is to appreciate it by saying ‘mashaallah’ (whatever Allah wills),‘barakallah’ (May Allah bless you) ‘subhanallah’ (Glory be to Allah) , ‘Allah-u Akbar’ (Allah is the greatest) and to show his admiration.
7- Allah put endless seals of His oneness on this world. In this palace of the universe, the duty of man is to know Allah, who put the seal of His oneness through inimitable seals and special signatures on everything, as one and to witness that He is one.
8- By making everything in this universe obey Him, Allah shows the majesty of His sultanate. The duty of man is to obey and confirm this sultanate of Allah, which is visible in the universe. That is, to obey and surrender to the being that everything, from atoms to the sun, obeys and surrenders and to confirm His sultanate.
9- Allah decorated every part of this universe with works of arts that are embroideries of His names. The duty of man is to show other people those works of art, which are the embroideries of Allah’s holy names, and to carry out the duty of proclaiming and publicity.
10- Allah created every creature in this world like a book and wrote His beautiful names in it. Thus, the duty of man is to meditate on the pages of the beings which are like the letters of the pen of power and the sky and to meditate on the pages of the earth and to discover the beautiful names written on them.
Thus, Allah Almighty created this world for such elevated and lofty purposes and sent man to this world for those purposes. That is, the purpose of our creation and being in this world is to fulfill those duties. None of those purposes disappears because Allah knows whether we will go to Paradise or to Hell.
Therefore, Allah's knowing our end through His pre-eternal knowledge does not mean that we came to this world in vain. Then, we cannot say, “Since it is definite in my qadar whether I will go to Paradise or to Hell, why were we sent to this world?” The greatest purpose for the creation of this world is not going to Paradise or going to Hell but believing in Allah and obeying Him and fulfilling the duties we have listed above.
If man knew why he came to this world, why this universe was created in such a magnificent form and if he knew the divine purposes in them, he would not ask such a question, and he would understand that divine qadar’s knowing everything would not eliminate the wisdoms and purposes we have listed.
In fact, man was created as a small realm. All of the names that are manifest in the big realm are also manifest in man, who is a small realm. Another reason why man was created is the fact that he serves as a mirror for the names of Allah. We can even say that the names that are not manifest in this huge world and in angels become manifest in this tiny man.
For instance, man commits a sin and asks for forgiveness. Then, Allah forgives him.
Thus, when Allah forgives man, His names like Ghafur (Forgiver), Afuww (Pardoner), Tawwab (Acceptor of Repentance) and Ghufran (Forgiveness) become manifest; those names can be manifest only in man. Those names cannot become manifest in mountains, seas, the sun and angels because they do not commit sins.
Those names of Allah that denote beauty can be manifest only in man,
And many names of Allah that denote majesty can be manifest only in man.
For instance, a slave disobeys and Allah punishes Him. In this punishment, His name “Muntaqim” (Avenger) becomes manifest in man’s failure to escape and his being caught, His name “Wajid” (Finder) in man’s defeat against Allah, His name “Aziz” (Mighty) in His reckoning man, His name “Hasib” (Accounter) in His lowering man, His names “Muzil” (Humiliator) and “Khafid” (Abases) and many other names become manifest in man; the huge world cannot become a mirror for those names because it cannot disobey Allah. Those names can be manifest only in a slave that disobeys.
If men who disobey and go to Hell were not sent to this world, the names we have just mentioned and many other names would never be manifest. However, those names want themselves to be known and to be recognized. Hell, which is a result of disobedience, would not be created because there were no sinners and the names of majesty would not seem in the hereafter.
That is, to wish a person who will go to Hell not to come to this world means to wish this world to be deprived of the manifestation of His majestic names; this wish is a result of being unaware of the purpose of the creation of the universe.
The person who asks that question should not forget this truth: If an experienced teacher graded his students in his class without giving them a test and if he punished some of the students and rewarded others, the students who were punished would definitely object to the teacher and say, “If you had given us a test, we would not have got bad grades.” Thus, they would blame the teacher. Similarly, if Allah Almighty sent us to Paradise or Hell without testing us in the world, those who were sent to Hell would object to this decision and would say,
“If you had given us a test, we would not have gone to Hell.”
Although Allah Almighty knew our end through His pre-eternal knowledge, He created this world as a place of testing and sent us to this world as officials in order to inform us about this result and to prevent us from objecting on the Day of Judgment.
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- Al-Bari (The Maker, The Producer, The Maker from Nothing)
- Now that Allah Almighty has created this universe to make Himself known, so if there were not any kind of diseases and calamities in this worldly life, wouldnt our knowing Him come true all the same? Then what is the wisdom of such an ordaining?
- How Muslims started believing in Allah?
- Why does Allah threaten those who abandon worshipping to send to Hell?
- Some people claim that the need to believe originates from the fact that man is a weak being and that he feels the need to take shelter; and they deny divine religions through a wrong evaluation. How will you answer that claim?
- What is time and pre-eternity?
- What is the Purpose of Creation?