Some circles try to adduce religion and science as opposite poles. Is religion truly against science?
This issue has many aspects. We will mention only a few of them.
The true religion cannot be against science
There are two different conceptions when we talk about religion, True religion, and false religions. False religions are some nonsensical beliefs, which have arisen as a result of either peoples imaginations or the falsification of a divine religion. As for the divine religion, it is a system of orders and prohibitions of Almighty Allah, Who, by creating this universe with His power, arranges it with His wisdom and knowledge, Who makes the earth a cradle for people, Who makes the sun a lamp, Who adorns the face of the earth with flowers and the space with stars.
The Divine Book is the decree of Allah (SWT) and this universe is His possession. Therefore, this world is called the book of the universe. Each of sciences branches is an interpretation and explanation of a page, of a sentence, or of a point. The human body is only a word from this book. So many works have been written for an organ in it. Let us have a look at tooth. Tooths being a single letter; there have been so many theses about the wonders of it. A cell or an atom is like a spot in this book of the universe.
Their interpretations have developed as separate branches of science. Hence, it is unthinkable that branches of science, which interpret wisdoms in the universe and introduce secret beauties, should contradict with the Divine Decree.
Some circles declare every discovery of science as if it were a victory against religion.
This may be true for a false religion, which denies science. It may be regarded as the victory of mind against the church which had for centuries been keeping Europe away from scientific development and which put Galileo before the Inquisition for his saying the world is rotating. However, a Muslim evaluates this kind of developments as follows: the unfolding of another mystery out of this universe, which is the book of power of Allah. Again, a Muslim regards all civilization marvels as fruits of human mind and recognizes them as the consequences of the capability bestowed upon him and opportunity given to him. He thinks that Allah Almighty, Who inspires bees to make honey, Who makes sheep a milk factory, also makes human mind give such beautiful fruits. As man hears of the new discoveries, his admiration and bewilderment increase more and more towards the knowledge and wisdom of Allah.
The fields of religion and science
Branches of science mention this universe, which has been created with the divine power. As for religion, it introduces its Creator. Whereas science proves that no being in this universe is free of duty; religion informs that man also cannot be unowned, and determines his duty as worship. While science handles man in a complete detail, religion addresses the spirit, which is a guest in the body. For example, whereas science examines eyes themselves, religion instructs where to look or where not to.
The Holy Quran is not a book of science but it is a Divine Decree, which invites people to the guidance, to the right path and to the servitude. It is because of this reason that the scientific matters are only implied. If todays branches of science of civilization had been shown clearly in the Divine Decree, mankind would not have been able to grasp these realities, perhaps they would have taken the path of denial. This would have been an obstacle to the Divine guidance and warning, order and invitation.
Moreover, in the Holy Quran, the last and the most excellent of the Divine Books, it is impossible to find even a single verse which implies that it is unlikely to go to the moon, to make airplanes nor to discover electricity. There is also no prohibition, which bans man from science. Then, no matter what kind of discoveries are made until the end of the world, what planets you may go, that is to say, all these have no direct relationship with religion.
The psychological aspect of the issue
As far as we see, most of those whom keep debating over Do science and religion clash with each other? are the ones who wish to forget death, to avoid from worship and not to think about the Hereafter...You ask one of them:
- Every bounty requires thanks, isnt it?
Yes, he replies.
You carry on asking:
- Not to do this is ingratitude, is it?
The answer is the same again:
All right you keep on speaking, Neednt you thank and worship Allah Who lets you live for years on this earth whose speed exceeds one hundred thousand kilometers per hour, Who purifies your blood whenever you breathe, Who equips your spirit with mind, memory and feelings..., and your body with material organs such as hands, feet, stomach and lungs?
In the face of your question, he remains speechless and poses a question, which is completely irrelevant to the point such as, Tell me, can someone have a test tube baby according to our religion? In this way, he wants to deflect the point and get away from the context. As if he would be free of the debt of thank and of the obligation of worship if you did not answer that question.
Generally, it is this state of mind that underlies these debates over Do religion clashes with science or not? I say generally, because even it is few, there are also some who ask in order to learn these issues...
- Will you give some information about the importance Islam gives to science and technology? Is the cause of the ignorance and underdevelopment of the Islamic world today the religion of Islam?
- Could you give some information about the importance Islam gives to science so that we could answer the questions of people opposing Islam under the pretext of the ignorance and underdevelopment of the Islamic world?
- What does dying as a learner of ilm (science) gain us? How does Azrail come to take our life? How can a person be a learner of science?
- SCIENCE, RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS
- Does Islam contradict with science?
- What is philosophy? Is it likely for man to reach the truth by means of philosophy?
- What kind of a tafsir is Risale-i Nur? Who is Badiuzzaman Said Nursi?
- Are there any Muslim scientists known worldwide?
- INTRODUCTION / EPISTEMOLOGY OF BELIEF
- What are the principles of the education system in the Islamic civilization?