What does dying as a learner of ilm (science) gain us? How does Azrail come to take our life? How can a person be a learner of science?
Submitted by on Tue, 20/12/2016 - 16:50
Dear Brother / Sister,
When ilm (science) is mentioned, the first thing that comes to mind is the sciences related to Allah and principles of belief. Therefore, Abu Hanifa called his book in which he explained the principles of belief “Fiqh al-Akbar (the Greatest Fiqh).
The works a Muslim does with a good intention are also regarded as worshipping. When yeast is put into milk, it turns milk into yoghurt; similarly, a person who puts his yeast of belief and worshipping into his work and study can turn his work and study into worshipping. Therefore, all of the works done with good intention, belief and worshipping in one's life can be regarded as worshipping.
The statement “Every seed is a tree” is true. However, if a seed is not sown in accordance with certain conditions though it has the program of a tree, it cannot be a tree. Similarly, each science has a secret that leads man to Allah and causes man's sins to be deleted. However, there are certain conditions, for this secret, which is like a seed, to be revealed. A person who fulfills the conditions like belief, worshipping, intention and avoiding harams will open this secret like a tree; thus, it will be a means of deleting his previous sins. Otherwise, it will remain as a seed and will not be able to produce anything. He will also be held responsible because he spent his life in wrong places.
What makes a chandelier valuable is its electricity. A golden chandelier without electricity cannot save you from darkness. Similarly, our works and benefits to humanity are like a chandelier. What illuminates and enlightens it is belief and worshipping. Therefore, the work of a person who has no belief is not regarded as worshipping. He will benefit from it only in this world.
Ilm (science) is divided into two: If some sciences are known only once or thought once or twice, it will be enough. Man has to think of other sciences all the time like bread and water. He cannot say I have understood it; it is enough. Sciences of belief are in this group.
Islam has never contradicted science. On the contrary, it encourages science. Religious resources are full of the best examples of it. The Quran and the universe are books of Allah. The former comes from His attribute of kalam (speech) and the latter from his attribute of qudrah (power).
Scientists read the book of the universe and interpret the Creator's works whether they believe in religion or not.
Every science mentions Allah with a tongue peculiar to it. For instance, the science of botany tells us about the properties of a tree. It shows us how the tree gets the food in the soil, how it carries the food to its leaves, how fruits form and how growth takes place. Thus, we see a perfect machine consisting of cells and having a root, trunk, branches, leaves, flowers and fruits. In addition, it is alive. Let us think conscientiously: How can simple soil, which lacks mind, consciousness, knowledge, will and power, create such a wonderful machine? Botanists have not been able to make a single leaf in giant laboratories.
Similarly, the science of zoology opened the door to the inner world of an animal for our mind. We realized that each animal was a wonderful factory. The bee makes honey; the handless silk worm weaves silk; the sheep produces milk. Each of them is a divine factory. They do not make those artistic miracles attributed to them with their own knowledge, will and power.
It is possible to increase examples.
Questions on Islam
- SCIENCE, RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS
- What are the causes that lead man to deception?
- What does ananiyyah (egoism/self-conceit) mean? Can ananiyyah be unbelief and shirk (polytheism)? If ananiyyah is bad, why has man been given the sense of self? What should our attitude be toward egoists?
- INTRODUCTION / EPISTEMOLOGY OF BELIEF
- THE LABORATORY OF THE UNIVERSE AS A METAPHOR
- LIMITS OF SCIENCE AND RELIGION
- RELIGIONS, RITUALS AND DOCTRINES
- How can we strengthen our faith? Could you give information about the increase and decrease of faith, investigative faith and imitative faith and the importance of faith?