The Signs Indicating Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) in the Psalms
The Psalms Informs People about Hz. Muhammad (pbuh)
The Signs Indicating Hz. Muhammad (pbuh) in the Psalms
The Psalms, which is the second one of the divine books, is mentioned in three different verses of the glorious Qur’an. These verses are as follows:
“We have sent thee inspiration as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him; We sent inspiration to Abraham, Ismail, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes to Jesus, Job, Jonah, Aaron, and Solomon, and to David, We gave the Psalms.” (An-Nisa, 4/163)
“And it is your Lord that knoweth best all beings that are in the heavens and on earth: We did bestow on some Prophets more (and other) gifts than on others: and We gave to David (the gift of) the Psalms.” (Al-Isra, 17/55)
“Before this We wrote in the Psalms, after the Message (given to Moses): My servants, the Righteous shall inherit the earth.” (Al-Anbiya, 21/105)
The first two of these verses state that the Psalms, which is one of the four of divine books, was given to David (AS) and the third verse informs that Psalms was sent after the Torah… Now, we are going to look at the parts of the Psalms, where there are signs for the prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
1. The Psalms, 45:2-7 : “You are the most excellent of the sons of men. Grace has anointed your lips, therefore God has blessed you forever. Strap your sword on your thigh,mighty one: your splendor and your majesty. In your majesty ride on victoriously on behalf of truth, humility, and righteousness.Let your right hand display awesome deeds. Your arrows are sharp.The nations fall under you,with arrows in the heart of the king’s enemies. Your throne, God, is forever and ever. A scepter of equity is the scepter of your kingdom. You have loved righteousness, and hated wickedness.Therefore God, your God, has anointed you with the oil of gladness above your fellows…”
Now, let us see how these expressions of Psalms explicitly refer to the prophet Muhammad (PBUH):
1- The Psalms, 45:2 : “You are the most excellent of the sons of men…”
The apparent beauties of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), which exist on his blessed body and which indicate his esoteric beauties do not exist in anyone. Furthermore, Imam Qurtubi relates that the beauty of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did not appear completely. If his apparent beauty had completely been visible, the Companions could not have had the strength to look at him. Jabir bin Samura (RA) narrates; “I saw the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), who was the sun of the universe, in a moonlit night. He was wearing a red mantle. I began to look at his shining face and the moon to decide which one was more beautiful. I swear by Allah that the holiness face of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), who was near me, was more beautiful than the moon.” Hz. Aisha (RA) describes the beauty of the prophet (PBUH) with the following words: The women who saw the beauty of Hz. Joseph cut their fingers by losing consciousness; if they had seen the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), they would have cut their arms.”
2- The Psalms, 45:3 : “Strap your sword on your thigh”
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) says the following in one of his Hadiths: “I have been sent with sword in a period close to the Doomsday…” This verse of Psalms also shows that the Prophet who will come is called “Sahib as-Saif”; that is, he will be the owner of sword and responsible for jihad. And his ummah is also called Sahib as-Saif; that is, they will be responsible for jihad. This news of Psalms can be seen in the Prophet’s life (PBUH) and in his community in the strict sense.
3- The Psalms, 45:4 : “On behalf of truth, humility, and righteousness. Let your right hand display awesome deeds.”
This sentence of Psalms also mentions about the justice of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). In fact, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was the most judicious one of humanity. The following is narrated: A woman from Mahzumi tribe committed a theft. Quraishis did not want this woman, who came from an honorable tribe to be punished. The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) loved Usama bin Zayd very much. They knew that the prophet would not hurt his feelings. For this reason, they requested the Prophet not to punish this woman by putting Usama as an intermediary. The prophet (PBUH) said to Usama as follows: “The sons of Israel were destroyed just because they took sides. They used to punish the poor very severely but they did not punish the rich and influential ones. I swear by Allah that if my own daughter Fatima committed this crime, I would punish her in the same way.”
The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) did not make any religious discrimination when he made legal decisions. If a Jew was the rightful side, He gave the Jew his due by taking it from the Muslim. Sirah (the life of the Prophet) books are full of stories about the Prophet’s unique justice.
4- The Psalms, 45:5 : “Your arrows are sharp. The nations fall under you, with arrows in the heart of the king’s enemies.”
The truth of this news of Psalms is also seen in Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) life. For, Persia, Byzantium, India, China and lots of countries were conquered and the majority of their folks were converted and became the ummah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). And this expression of Psalms is stated in the verses of the Qur’an as follows: “What Allah has bestowed on His Messenger (and taken away) from the people of the townships belongs to Allah to His Messenger and to kindred and orphans, the needy and the wayfarer; in order that it may not (merely) make a circuit between the wealth among you. So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you. And fear Allah; for Allah is strict in Punishment.” (Al-Hashr, 59/7)
5- The Psalms, 45:7 : “You have loved righteousness, and hated wickedness.”
This sentence informs us about the two attributes of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH); these attributes are expressed in the Qur’an as follows: “Ye are the best of peoples, evolved for mankind, enjoining what is right, forbidding what is wrong, and believing in Allah. If only the People of the Book had faith it were best for them; among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.” (Aal-e-Imran, 3/110)
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