Ramadan, the Month of Dua (Supplication)

Dua (supplication) is a principle on which a believer can always rely. To take refuge in divine mercy by adhering to supplication in all phases of life is one of the main characteristics that distinguish a believer from other people. A believer is in a state of supplication in all moments of his life. The meaning of the five daily prayers he performs is "dua".

Dua is an indispensable habit of a believer in all his deeds from going to bed at night to getting up in the morning, before eating and after eating, from leaving home to shaking hands with his friends. This habit originates from the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh). The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said prayers in all his deeds and ordered believers to say prayers because dua is a means that enables believers to approach their Lord.   

A believer who accepts dua as a principle remembers his Lord at times of blessings and abundance, is overwhelmed with feelings of gratitude and expresses it by thanking Allah; on the other hand, he asks help from his Lord by taking refuge in Him at times of hardship and trouble because dua is an unchanging property and indispensable part of worship.  

God Almighty wants his believing servants to pray to him all the time:
"When My servants ask thee concerning Me, I am indeed close (to them): I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth on Me: Let them also, with a will, Listen to My call, and believe in Me: That they may walk in the right way.."1

It is valid for all times. However, there are some special times when prayers are more likely to be accepted than other times. Among those special times, the following ones are at the top: dawn, a certain hour on Friday, holy nights, especially the Night of Power (Laylatul-Qadr) and the month of Ramadan. There are many glad tidings about those times in many hadiths.  

According to those hadiths, divine mercy becomes abundant at those times; the believer becomes an acceptable servant in the eye of God Almighty by showing his sincerity and attitude of real slavery for the acceptance of his supplication.

Attention is drawn to that aspect in a hadith and believers are encouraged to pray to Allah:
"The gates of Paradise are opened on the first night of Ramadan. A caller announces until morning every night as follows: Is there not anybody to ask for forgiveness for his sins? Is there not anybody who repents? Allah will accept his repentance. Is there not anybody who prays to Allah. His prayer will be accepted? Is there not anybody who wants anything for himself? His request will be met at once."2

The Prophet (pbuh) states the following while mentioning that a person who is fasting is among the three people whose supplication will not be rejected:  
"The supplication of three people will not be rejected: A judge that decides based on justice, a person who is fasting until he breaks his fast and a person who is oppressed."3

The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) showed the best example of everything by practicing them in his own life as he did related to this issue; he increased his supplications and worship in the month of Ramadan. He treated to and did charity to the believers around him, causing them to pray a lot.

The time of iftar (breaking fast) has a separate blessing and value in Ramadan, which is a scene of divine manifestations from beginning to end. The Prophet (pbuh) expresses the importance of this exceptional time in terms of supplication as follows:
"The prayer a person who is fasting says at the time of iftar is not rejected."4

According to a narration of Abdullah bin Umar, the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) often prayed as follows at the time of iftar:  
"O Lord! Forgive me for the sake of Your mercy, which surrounds everything."5

The Prophet (pbuh) is known to be faultless and to have been protected from sins but he prays like that in order to guide his ummah and to serve as a model.  

The Prophet (pbuh) shows believers one of the best ways of benefitting from the grace and blessings of the time of iftar by praying like that and attracts attention to the importance of asking for forgiveness at the time of iftar.

Thanks to the sincere supplications and requests for forgiveness sent to Allah by believers at times of iftar and dawn, believers are purified at the end of the month of Ramadan and attain a pure spirituality.

Therefore, a conscious believer tries to benefit from that sea of opportunities in which he swims as much as possible. He takes refuge in God Almighty in any occasion in this blessed month, when repentance is accepted the most, sins are forgiven the most and requests are accepted at the highest level.   

He says the best prayers and repeats the supplications and invocations whenever he finds time; he tries to approach Allah by adhering to the valuable prayers and supplications taken from the Quran and hadiths.

1- al-Baqara, 186.
2- Musnad, 4:22.
3- Ibn Majah, Siyam, 48.
4- Tirmidhi, Daawat,129.
5- Ibn Majah, Siyam, 48.

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