Are there special times when prayer (dua) is acceptable?
Is the following hadith sound?
The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: “There are two things that are never rejected: the prayer said during adhan and the prayer said during the battle when people fight each other.” [Muwatta, Nida 7, (1, 70)]
Are there other times when prayer is acceptable?
Submitted by on Mon, 09/05/2022 - 14:23
Dear Brother / Sister,
The hadith in question is as follows:
“There are two things that are not rejected - or are rarely rejected -: the prayer (dua) said during adhan, and the prayer said when the battle heats up.” (1)
The hadith is sound. (2)
Although there is always hope for prayers to be accepted, there are hadiths about whether prayers to be made at certain times will be accepted and will not be rejected.
The prayers to be said between adhan and iqamah and when iqamah is being called are also among them. The Prophet (pbuh) states the following regarding the issue:
“When adhan is called, the doors of the sky are opened and prayers are accepted. When iqamah is called, prayer is not rejected.” (3)
The Prophet (pbuh) said, “The prayer said between adhan and iqamah is not rejected.” Thereupon, the Companions said, “O Messenger of Allah! What shall we pray for?” The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Ask Allah for well-being/health in this world and the hereafter.” (4)
The second one is, when the warriors in the way of Allah form ranks, enter the enemy ranks and start to fight; the third: the prayer said while it is raining is also acceptable because it is the moment when Allah’s mercy descends.
The war that makes prayer acceptable is the war waged to glorify Allah’s name and attain His consent. It is the war waged with this intention against unbelievers. Wars waged for purposes other than attaining Allah’s consent, such as booty, honor, and victory are not included in it. (5)
Times when prayer is closer to acceptance
Prayer (dua) can be said anytime and anywhere. However, it is stated that prayer made in blessed places and times is closer to acceptance:
Two verses about the prayers said at dawn are as follows:
“And in the hour of early dawn, they (were found) praying for Forgiveness.” (6)
“Those who show patience, Firmness and self-control; who are true (in word and deed); who worship devoutly; who spend (in the way of Allah); and who pray for forgiveness in the early hours of the morning.” (7)
“The prayer said in the last hours of the night and after the fard prayers is acceptable.” (8)
“Allah, the Blessed and Exalted, descends to the sky of the world every night when the last third of the night is left and says: I am the owner of the property! I answer the prayer of anyone who prays to me. I will give to anyone who asks from me. I will forgive anyone who asks me for forgiveness. And it goes like that until dawn.” (9)
At night time
“There is a time at night; when a Muslim comes across that time and asks Allah for something good about this world and the hereafter, Allah will give him whatever he asks. It is like that every night.” (10)
Between adhan and iqamah
“The prayer said between adhan and iqamah is not rejected.” (11)
After performing a prayer (salah)
“The dua said in the last hours of the night and after the fard prayers is acceptable.” (12)
“The closest position for a servant to his Lord is in prostration. Therefore, try to pray a lot in prostration!” (13)
However, it is not appropriate to make a request with worldly words during prostrations while praying. After performing a nafilah prostration and saying “subhanarabbiyalala” three times, one can say a special prayer and ask from Allah.
“The prayer of a fasting person at the time of iftar is not rejected.” (14)
“The prayer of a fasting person while breaking his fast is not rejected.” (15)
In the month of Ramadan
“The gates of Paradise are opened on the first night of Ramadan. A caller calls out every night until the morning as follows: Is there not anyone who asks forgiveness for his sins? Is there not anyone who repents? May Allah accept his repentance! Is there not anyone who prays? His prayer will be answered. Is there not anyone who wants something? May his request be given immediately!” (16)
During a journey
“There are three prayers that are doubtlessly acceptable: the prayer of the oppressed, the prayer of the guest (traveler), and the prayer of the father for his child.” (17)
“There is such a time on Friday that if a Muslim comes across that time while praying and asks something from Allah, Allah will certainly fulfill his wish.” (18)
On blessed days and nights
“... The most virtuous prayer is the one said on the day of Arafah. ...” (19)
“The best prayer is the one said on the day of Arafa.” (20)
“When the half of Shaban (the night of Barat) comes, spend the night with salah and the day with fasting. Allah Almighty descends to the sky of the world with the sunset that night and says: “Is there not anyone who asks for forgiveness from me? I will forgive him. Is there not anyone who asks for sustenance? I will give him sustenance. Is there not anyone who seeks healing? I will heal him.” Allah Almighty becomes manifest on the fifteenth night of Shaban (the night of Barat) and forgives all His servants except those who disobey their parents and those who associate partners with Allah.” (21)
1) Muwatta, Nida 7/1, 70; Abu Dawud, Jihad 41/2540; Darimi, Salah 9.
2) see Nawawi, Nataijul-Afkar, p. 367.
3) Ibn Abi Shayba, Musannaf, 10/32.
4) Tirmidhi, Daawat, 145.
5) İbrahim Canan, Kütüb-i Sitte Tercüme ve Şerhi, Akçağ Yayınları: 6/523-524.
6) adh-Dhariyat, 51/18.
7) Aal-i Imran, 3 /17.
8) Tirmidhi, Daawat 79.
9) Tirmidhi, Salah 326.
10) Muslim, Musafirin 166, 167.
11) Abu Dawud, Salah 35.
12) Tirmidhi, Daawat 79.
13) Muslim, Salah 215.
14) Tirmidhi, Daawat 129.
15) Ibn Majah, Siyam 48.
16) Musnad, 4/22.
17) Abu Dawud, Witr 29.
18) see Bukhari, Jumu’a 37, Talaq 24, Daawat 61; Muslim, Musafirin 166, 167, Jumu’a 13-15.
19) Muwatta, Hajj 246.
20) Tirmidhi, Dua 8.
21) Ibn Majah, Iqamatus-Salah, 191; Tirmidhi, Sawm 38.
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