When should we recite the prayer of Iftar?

Details of the Question
Should the prayer of iftar be read before eating or after eating ?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Prayer of iftar can be recited either at the beginnig or at the end. But reciting the prayer at the time of iftar is Sunnah. (the way and the manners of Muhammad (Pbuh).

The Prophet’s Prayer of Iftar

Muadh ibn-i Zuhra, may Allah be pleased with him, narrates:

- I have heard that the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would recite this prayer when he ate iftar (the meal eaten by Muslims breaking their fast after sunset during the month of Ramadan):

“Allahumma laka sumtu wa ala rizqika aftartu.”

(O my Allah! I have fasted for your acceptance and I am breaking my fast with Your provision.)

(Abu Dawud, Sawm: 22)

Marvan ibn-i Salim narrates from ibn-i Umar, may Allah be pleased with them both:

- The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, would say this when he broke his fast:

“The thirst gone, the arteries dampened; the reward has become definite, Allah willing.”

The narrator of the hadith Razin added the word “Alhamdulillah” (Praise be to Allah!) to the beginning of the prayer. (Abu Dawud, Sawm: 22)

Abdullah ibn-i Umar, peace be upon them both, would also pray as follows at the time of iftar:

“O my Allah, forgive me for the sake of your rahmat (mercy) which encompasses the whole universe and forgive me my sins.”

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