Is it possible that the qualities given to the human being can be a proof of that he should be resurrected and of that, the eternal life exists?
The Mortality of Man
In many of the verses in the Glorious Quran, it is firmly pointed out that death is certain and there is no way to be saved from it: Every soul is bound to taste death. (Al-Imran Surah, 3:185; Al-Anbiya Surah, 21:35; Al-Ankabut Surah, 29:57), All that is on the earth is perishable.(Ar-Rahman Surah, 55:26).
That the human being will not be able to find a cure for death and that he is weak in the face of death is highlighted in these verses: Say: Flight will be of no avail to you if you flee from death or being killed. (Al-Ahzab Surah, 33:16), Say: Death, from which you flee, will surely meet you in any case. (Al-Jumuah, 62:8), "Then, how is it you do not – when the soul comes up to the throat (of a dying human), while you are looking on –and while We are nearer to him (the dying human) than you are, but you do not see (that) –Then, how is it you do not – if you are not bound to Us in dependence (subject to Our will) –(How is it that) you do not restore the soul (of that dying human), if you are truthful (in your claim)? (Al-Waqiah Surah, 56:83-87).
Prophet Muhammad, peace and blessings be upon him, said that every disease has a cure; however, old age or death has none. (1)
That in our age science, medicine and technology progress fast makes some people ask whether in time a cure for death will also be found; even, some people take this conjecture as an absolute reality and this way devise still another pretext to reject the hereafter. However, all the works and researches carried out could not yield a cure for death, on the contrary have shown that death is an inevitable truth; and the decree el-mewtu hakkun (death is a reality) has always been confirmed.
With the drive of the desire of eternity, humankind has searched for a world in which to live happily for ever; in order to attain this desire by removing death, they have specified hundreds of things that lead to death and they supposed that by removing these causes they could overcome death. However, all these efforts availed nothing and every work done to this end has further fortified the certainty of death. (2)
Having mentioned the unsuccessful effort about this issue, Alex Carrel continues:
Humankind will not become tired of incessantly searching for eternity and of pursuing it. But he will never attain it. This is because the composition of human submits to the laws in universe. The human being can stop the physiological time for the organs of his body; he can even postpone death for a short time, but he can never overcome death, cannot kill death. (3)
The creation of the human being as growing and developing makes it inevitable for him to escape from aging and dying. The human being can find the ways of living longer and healthier, but as he cannot stop aging, he cannot eradicate death, either.
In View of His Material and Spiritual Qualities, the Human Being Points to the Existence of the Hereafter
The human being is a creature, whom God created as the perfect pattern of creation (At-Tin Surah, 4), whom He fashioned with material and spiritual organs and equipments (Al-Infitar Surah, 7), whom He has granted from all that he asks him (Ibrahim Surah, 34), whom He set on the earth as a vicegerent (Al-Baqarah Surah, 30), whom He has honored with so many favors (Al-Isra Surah, 70). Such that every creature on the earth both live and lifeless heads to the human being and compete with one another to become human.
It is enough just to look at the human brain to understand the superiority of the human being. Such that it is reckoned that in universe, there are approximately 2³°° atoms. And in the human brain there are about 10 billion neurons. As each neuron cell has two different branches, 10 billion neuron cell has a value of 2¹°°°°°°°°°°. When 2³°° and 2¹°°°°°°°°°° are calculated, it will be clearly seen that a human brain equals to how many universes.(4)
Although light travels with such an astonishing speed as 300.000 km per second, the human being reaches the sun, stars by way of thought and imagination with even greater speed than that of light, and virtually embraces the universe with his ideas. (5)
The other material organs of the human being are also such. In each one of the organs, virtually hundreds of factories are at work. Even in just one single cell, works that cannot be done even in great factories, which cover areas of kilometers, are carried out.
Seeing that the material constitution of man is like that, then how is his spiritual dimension. Just as the soul is much higher and superior to the material, so are the spiritual life, abilities, and competences of man is as much astonishing and beyond the perception of the mind. In the human soul are installed both endless needs and sorrows and endless pleasures. From the aspect of his, the human being is like a mystery, yet to be figured out.
This verse, which is attributed to Ali, may God be pleased with him, summarizes the place and the importance of the human being in the universe:
Taz'umu annaae jirmun sagîrun
Va fîka intavâ al-âlamu'l-akbar
You deem yourself a small being,
However, the great universe is contained in you. (6)
Therefore, humankind, which has such a form of creation, cannot be left on its own devices; this great care shown toward him cannot be for him in order to enter the grave never to awake again having lived a short life. On the contrary, the human being is created for another life beyond that of this world. His entire being confirms this. Then the human being can in no way say: what importance I possess that for me the universe is demolished, the doom broken and a new world built; what if with this weak situation of mine, I disbelieve and sin? (7)
Whoever pays attention to the creation, abilities and capacities of the human being, immediately understand that he is created for an eternal life. Just like the one who sees such a big fish as whale struggling in a small pool will instantly understand that this fish does not belong to that pool, rather to big sees or oceans; so is the creation of the humankind the same. The creation, abilities, and capacities of the humankind testify and prove the fact that he is created for another world.
It cannot be imagined that the innumerable abilities and capacities in human beings are given for the life of this world. This is because here we do not need most of them. Moreover, many abilities and capabilities, feelings and senses, if not directed to the aim of their creation, most often darken the life of the human being and turn out to be a trouble. For example, his remembering past pleasures, feeling anxiety about his future, his excessive ambition toward and attachment to the world and his not being satisfied accordingly all darken mans world and make life sour for him. Thus, these feelings and senses are not given to him for the life of this world; on the contrary, are given in order for him to earn an eternal life. For the real anxiety is needed for the beyond of the grave. The real ambition is for earning the means of the hereafter. The real love is for the hereafter and for the eternal friends. The real places of functioning of these feelings and senses are these. Otherwise, it is harm that they bring, not benefit.
For this reason, if it is assumed that the hereafter does not exist, the human being falls down to such a level worse than and below animals in terms of rank and honor,(8) for the trouble man suffers, troubles and misfortunes he confronts in the life of this world are more than those of animals. He experiences troubles and sufferings before and after they arise as a result of his thinking ability and expectations. Animals are not like that; they experience sufferings only the moment they show up. Therefore, they are comfortable. They are not uncomfortable thinking about the past and the future. Again, the benefits the human being takes from this world are less than those of animals both in terms number are and of the pleasure and peace, they get from them. For example, when we look in terms of number, the ox eats more and the sparrow mates more. When we look in terms of the pleasure and peace gotten, the life of the world is full of troubles and sufferings, hardships and difficulties; pleasures are, on the other hand, so few as a drop out of an ocean. In short, if there is no other world, no hereafter where the human being will be freed of sufferings and troubles, where he will attain pure pleasures and blessings, he falls into a situation lower and more unfortunate than all animals. In terms of pleasures and blessings, animals would have gotten bigger share than he would. (9)
Jawhari says in the explanation of the verse I swear by the Day of Resurrection; And I swear by the self-accusing human soul. (Al-Qiyamah Surah, 75:1-2):
God Almighty swears about our resurrection by the Qiyamah-Resurrection and by Nafs-i Lawwama-the self accusing human soul. In other words, He says, you will surely be resurrected. God Almighty swears by the grandeur of the Final Day and by the soul that heads for the heights and that desires to ascend. This is such a soul that, not satisfied with any rank, always wants another. It is a soul that is not content with any state and yearns for what will follow, and desires the upper one. Therefore, this swearing is like a bringing a proof of the Final Day. It is as if God Almighty says: The love for development and the desire not to stay in a limited rank in this world, which are installed in your souls, are a proof of another world where the human being will attain whatever he desires. The creation of the human being is a proof of the Final Day.
Human beings desire, thirst and ambition for high ranks, their wanting ever more as property and knowledge, their not being satisfied with just one state are all proofs of another life. The human soul is longing to search and to discover new things. In his creation is ingrained the desire to overcome and become superior to others. In history, every king wanted to rule over more people than he ruled, and every rich person desired more property than he had. Only death can quench this thirst of man. Do you think these desires are created in vain? No! No! This is because of the mystery that will be disclosed only after death and at the Final Day. If the human being does not have an aim of the eternal life, then life turns into a vain delusion. The result of the order on the earth becomes a manifest disappointment. However, each one of the feelings given to creatures absolutely has an aim. All these miserliness, wars, engrossments in knowledge, acquiring property, angers, building ships, inventing weapons, what is reason of all these efforts and desires? Are all these for the life of this world which does not deserve any weariness? The Quran answers these questions as follows: I swear by the self-accusing human soul which does not stand on any boundary, and which pursues high ranks. This swearing means: This feeling is installed in your souls in order for you to attain everything in another world and not to feel sorry about anything. (10)
Even if the human being was given the property of Karun, the wisdom of Lukman, the sultanate of Solomon, even if he took hold of the earth and what it contains, the heavens and what it contains, he would still say: Is there more? As if giving utterance to the meanings that the Divine Pen embroidered in his soul, he says: Such a property that I dream of can only be in another world superior to this one and in another realm that is suited to my wishes and that can satisfy my desires. (11)
Similarly, the verse: Those are well-pleased with the present, worldly life, and are content with it (Yunus Surah, 10:7) also points to the fact that humankind must in reality be longing for and in search of another world finding no peace with the life of this world and condemns those who try to be satisfied with the life of this world.
1. See Abu Davud, Tıp, 1, II, 396; Ibn Mâce, Tıp, 1, II, 1137.
2. Han, al-Islam Yetehaddâ, Trans. into Arabic Zaferu'l-İslâm Han, Beyrût, 1985, 9. edit. p.79-80.
3. Han, al-Islam Yetehaddâ, p. 81 (Man the Unknown, quotation from p.175).
4. Ayhan Songar. Enerji ve Hayat, Yeni Asya yay. Ist. 1979, 8. edit. p.1.
5. Georges Lakhovsky, L'Eternitœ La Vie et La Mort, Bibliotheque Charpentier, Paris, p. 202.
6. Ali b. Abî Tâlib, Divânu Emîri'l-Mu'minîn, arrangement and organization: A. al-Kerem, Beirut, 1998, p. 45
7. Nursî, as an explanation to the verse: "It is He Who created all that is in the world for you" (Al-Baqarah Surah, 2:29) says about this topic: In this verse there is a sign for the realization of the hereafter and for the eradication of doubts about this matter. It is as if the unbelievers say: What benefit and importance and what rank in the sight of God does human have so that the doom breaks out for him? As an answer to this doubt, the Quran says with the light of this verse: It is understood from the fact that the heavens and the earth are directed to his use that human is of high importance. And again it is understood from the fact that God created human not for other creatures but He created other creatures for him that human has great importance. And that God created the universe not for Himself but for human and that He created human in order that he worships Him shows that human has a special rank in the presence of God. All these show that human is a special and selected creature in universe and not like other animals. Therefore, he deserves the meaning of the verse: then you will be returned to Him. (Al-Baqarah Surah, 2:28). (Nursî, İşâratu'l-İ'câz, p. 281).
8. See Râğıb, Tafsîlu'n-Neş'eteyn ve Tahsîlu's-Seadeteyn, p. 178
9. Fâvî, p.173.
10. Cevherî, XII, 2. Part, p. 308.
11. Cevherî, V, 1. Part, p. 110.
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