The Fifth: The differences of understanding among Jabriyya, Mu’tazila and Ahl as-Sunnah about the issue of Divine Determining, cause and effect.
• The Fifth: Divine Determining has a connection with cause and effect. That is, this effect will occur through this cause. In which case, it may not be said that “Since so-and-so’s death is determined at such-and-such a time, what fault has the man who fired the rifle through his own choice, for if he had not fired it, the other still would have died?”
Question: Why may it not be said?
The Answer: Because Divine Determining specified that so-and-so’s death would occur through the man’s rifle. If you suppose that he did not fire the rifle, then you are supposing that Divine Determining had no connection with it, so with what would you decree his death? If you imagine cause and effect to be separate like the Jabariyya, or you deny Divine Determining like the Mu‘tazila, you leave the Sunni School and join the heretics. We people of truth say: “If he had not fired the rifle, we do not know if he would have died.” The Jabariyya say: “If he had not fired it, he still would have died.” While the Mu‘tazila say: “If he had not fired it, he would not have died.”
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- Second Topic: Seven aspects concerning the compatibility of Divine Determining with the power of choice.
- The Fourth: Knowledge and the thing known; the definition of pre-eternity.
- How true is the statement “Allah does not know the future; if He knows, He will be compelling”?
- Gleams: Flowers from the Seeds of Reality. A short ‘Mathnawi’ and collection on the subject of belief for the Risale-i Nur students.
- Seeds of Reality are aphorisms from the booklet called Seeds of Reality, which was first published in 1920.
- Will you give evidences from verses of the Quran and hadiths about the issue of seeing Allah in the hereafter?
- What does Ahl as-Sunnah mean and what are its properties?
- Will you give information about Ru'yatullah?
- Adhan is Determined
- The Third Word: A comparison made between those who perform the duties of servitude for Allah and those who do not. The definition of Tawakkul (Trust in God) and its benefits for man.