Al-Qabid (The Withholder, The Restrainer)
It means the one that holds, restricts, constricts, makes it difficult and gives very little.
With His name Qabid, Allah sometimes reduces his grace and grant to His slave, shortens his sustenance, makes him needy, deprives him of his comfortable life and impoverishes him. When a person undergoes one of the cases above, it means he has become a mirror of the manifestation of the name Qabid. That is, Allah's name Qabid becomes manifest when a person goes bankrupt, cannot pay his debt, loses his property, is dismissed and undergoes financial trouble.
As the name Qabid becomes manifest in the material world, it also becomes manifest in the spiritual world: with this manifestation, the world becomes too tight for a person; he feels depressed; his heart feels bored; he feels as if he is in a cage. This state is a manifestation of the name Qabid. With this manifestation, the slave understands his weakness and poverty; he turns toward Allah and asks his mercy through prayer and supplication; he takes refuge in Allah. That is, the manifestation of the name Qabid is an invitation to prayer and supplication.
The name Qabid has become manifest when it does not rain. Allah sometimes does not send any rain to some places and send very little rain to some other places. He holds the rain. That is, the name Qabid has become manifest when there is no rain. You can see the manifestation of the name Qabid in many cases: For instance, when there is a traffic jam, when a person cannot understand something and it becomes more and more difficult, when crops are destroyed as a result of a misfortune, when the earth becomes dry and no crops grow, when business slackens, and when life becomes difficult for people, the name Qabid has become manifest.
As the name Qabid becomes manifest in the material world, it also becomes manifest when one's spirit is removed when he dies. Everybody becomes a mirror of the name Qabid when they die and when their spirits are removed. The name Qabid, which becomes manifest at death, also becomes manifest at sleep, which is the sister of death. The spirits of those who die during sleep are not returned but the spirits of those who do not die are returned to their bodies. Its only difference from death is that the spirit leaves the body permanently at death; but during sleep, the connection between the spirit and the body is not cut off completely. Holding the spirits during sleep is also a manifestation of the name Qabid.
This manifestation is stated in the Quran as follows: “It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death: and those that die not (He takes) during their sleep: those on whom He has passed the decree of death, He keeps back (from returning to life), but the rest He sends (to their bodies) for a term appointed. Verily in this are Signs for those who reflect.” (az-Zumar 42)
The name Qabid, which becomes manifest at death and when the spirit is removed during sleep, also becomes manifest when the grave constricts a person and during other troubles on the Day of Judgment.
To sum up, every material and spiritual trouble that one undergoes, every difficulty in the world and in the hereafter is a manifestation of the name Qabid. What a person needs to do here is to show patience when the name Qabid becomes manifest and to show his weakness and poverty by prayer and supplication, believing in the fact that there is relief after every difficulty.
- Al-Basit (The Expander)
- What will the resurrection be like after death?
- Is it sin to sleep by lying face down? What are the manners of sleeping?
- What is the real existance of a living thing(spl:Human) spirit or body?
- I think about death a lot and I'm afraid of dying. What should I do?
- Shaddad bin Aws (r.a.)
- Al-Quddus (The Most Holy, The Most Pure, The All-Perfect)
- Will you give information about manners of sleeping? Will you give information about manners of lying face down and sleeping? Is lying face down a deed that was forbidden by the Sunnah?
- What is spirit (rooh)? Can spirit's essence be comprehended? Is spirit merely brain? What is the relationship between spirit and body?
- How many groups are angels divided into? What are their duties?