What does ba’th (resurrection)? How will resurrection after death be?
Ba’th, resurrection after death means going to the mahshar (gathering place) from the world of graves. Ba’th is the name of another birth. It is the clothing of the souls with the bodies in the world of graves, birth in the hereafter and going out to the gathering place. There is a divine reproach to human beings in Chapter Baqara: “How can ye reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that ye were without life, and He gave you life; then will He cause you to die, and will again bring you to life; and again to Him will ye return.” (Chapter Baqara, 28)
All of us, the humanity underwent a dead period. That period was a period of “mud” for our father, Adam. A resurrection that came into being by Allah’s giving soul to a quintessence of clay, maybe to a divine program or genetic structure was shown to the angels. Non-living soil came alive. That happening was exhibited one phase covered in following men. Human seed called white blood forms in a man who eats a vegetable, the dead become alive. The human body that grows in the mother as half-alive for four months and which is dead in a way becomes an example of the giving of soul to our father Adam and gets a soul in the darkness of the uterus of the mother and becomes enlightened with life.
The divine might and wisdom that exhibits an example of giving life to the dead in the uterus gives life to numerous non-living things and turns them into plants or animals, making them food for the mother of the child. A human that grows with resurrection manifestations like this is exposed to the attacks of the devil when he reaches a certain age as a secret of trial; and doubts about resurrection occur in his heart: saying “How will a human resurrect after dying?” The answers to the doubts like this are given to humans in the Quran; and humans undergo a trial whether to follow the Quran or the devil.
Verses 66-67 in Chapter Maryam say: “Man says: "What! When I am dead, shall I then be raised up alive? But does not man call to mind that We created him before out of nothing?”
Let’s think about only three things, nutfah (drop, sperm), seed and egg among the world of things that surround us. Uterus becomes a means for the first one’s relationship with the universe. The crops of this world flow into the stomach of the mother, and then go to help the nutfah.
There is not a give and take like that in the egg. It seems to have stored what it needs. Its only desire in order to become a bird and fly is a specified time and a specified level of temperature. As for the seed, it is quite different. It drops itself into the ground, which is part of this world. It performs its give and take with the universe like that way. When creation is in question, human beings understand it as only going into the uterus from the father’s offspring and after maturing there for nine months coming out to the world. And when he is informed that he will be created again in the hereafter, he cannot perceive this reality with his narrow mind. However, if he looks the trio of sperm, egg and seed, he will not see it as something unreasonable that the being who makes these different laws in the world can exhibit a fourth type of creation in the hereafter. There is a famous hadith of our Prophet (PBUH) stating that he is surprised at five things of human beings: “This is also surprising that he dies every night and resurrects every morning but denies resurrection”. In fact sleep is a form of death. Our feet lie down on the bed but they cannot walk. Our ears are open but they cannot make us hear anything. We set up connections with other worlds through the world of dreams. Allah has created the phenomenon of sleep. Humans cannot afford to do it. Allah takes our feelings out of this world and makes them travel in other worlds. Waking up is another wonder. It is Allah who created it too. He takes us from the unknown worlds into this world, its works, sounds and colors again.
Human beings undergo samples of death and resurrection by dying every day and resurrecting the next day as many times as the days of their lives. Our prophet (PBUH) is surprised at the denial of resurrection, going to mahshar (gathering place) and being questioned by human beings. If we want to keep ourselves away from the devil’s misgivings about the resurrection, we should frequently repeat the following message to our own selves (souls): “You, who cannot sleep or wake up on your own, think about resurrection and consider that you cannot do it and so deny it. The being that makes you sleep will kill you and the being that wakes you up will resurrect you again. You cannot oppose Him when He removes you from this world with the law of death; nor can you oppose Him when He resurrects you again.” The earth in which we live undergoes the same death and resurrection every year as humans undergo every day.
The Quran shows this great happening to us as follows: “It is He Who brings out the living from the dead, and brings out the dead from the living and Who gives life to the earth after it is dead: and thus shall ye be brought out (from the dead).” (Chapter Rum, 19)