Will you mention the properties of the People of Paradise under the light of verses and hadiths?

The Details of the Question

Will you mention the properties of the People of Paradise under the light of verses and hadiths?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

In the Quran, Paradise is usually promised to the people of "belief and righteous deeds". In a verse, it is stated that the bounties of the eternity will belong to prophets, sincere lovers of truth, martyrs and righteous people (an-Nisa 4/69); in another verse stating that the width of Paradise is that of the whole of the heavens and of the earth, the properties of avoiding bad deeds, spending freely whether in prosperity or in adversity, restraining anger, pardoning people and asking for forgiveness for sins from Allah without insisting on sins are listed. (Aal-i Imran 3/133-135).

In various hadiths, the qualities of those who will enter Paradise are mentioned differently. (see Miftahu Kunuzi’s-Sunnah, “item al-jannah”) When Hz. Prophet was describing the high ranks of Paradise, the Companions who were with him said only prophets could settle in those places. The Messenger of Allah said, “Yes, and those who believe in Allah and approve His prophets” can attain those ranks. (Bukhari, “Bad'u’l-Khalq”, 8; Muslim, “Jannah”, 11)

Quranic verses and hadiths describe those who will go to hell as rude, conceited, stingy, hard-hearted, etc and the people of Paradise with the opposites of these attributes. In a hadith, the people of Paradise are described as someone who wields authority and is just and fair, someone who is merciful and kind hearted towards his relatives and to every Muslim, and someone who does not stretch his hand in spite of having a large family to support; in another hadith, it is stated that the people whose hearts are sensitive like the hearts of birds will enter Paradise. (Muslim, “Jannah”, 27, 63)

Many hadiths describing the people who will not be able to enter Paradise were reported from Hz. Prophet. Among those people are a person who has conceitedness, though very little, in his heart, a person who is a talebearer, a person who does not visit and talk to his relatives, a person who harasses his neighbor and a statesman who does not act sincerely toward his people and who does not heed advice.  (Miftahu Kunuzi’s-Sunnah, “item al-jannah”) The scholars of Ahl as-Sunnah hold the view that these kinds of hadiths have didactic and instructional purposes and that the believers will enter Paradise even if they are punished in Hell for a while. In a narration of the hadith stating that the gate of Paradise would be opened by him, the Prophet says, “I am the first person to open the gate of Paradise but a woman tries to open it before me. I ask her, ‘What are you doing? Who are you?’ She says, ' I am a widow who did not marry in order to take care of her children.” (Muslim, “Iman”, 333; Haythami, VIII, 172).

In various hadith resources, including Bukhari and Muslim, there are hadiths stating that a lot of groups from the ummah of Muhammad will enter Paradise without being called to account. Main properties of these groups are as follows: Not to have tattoos on their bodies, not to practice exorcism, not to believe in the existence of ominous things and incidents, to rely on Allah only and not to fear anyone else. (Ibn Kathir, II, 147-160). It is understood that the issues mentioned here indicate the beliefs of idolatry before Islam.

Reference: Bekir Topaloğlu, DİA, Item Cennet, VII, 384-385

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