Will you give information about Religion-Science relationship in the course of history?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

8.2- RELIGION-SCIENCE RELATIONSHIP IN THE COURSE OF HISTORY*

When religion science relationship in the course of history is viewed, it is seen that these discussions in the West began in the 17th Century with scientific revolutions and that they began to be dominant at the beginning of the 20th century. Therefore, the distinction between science and religion is not valid for all ages. In the ancient civilizations, scientists and clergymen were generally the same people. The tension and conflict between religion and science emerged primarily in Western societies in modern times. This understanding, which became stronger in the course of time, has caused various discussions among philosophers, theologians, scientists and other researchers for a few centuries.1

The tension and conflict between religion and science emerged primarily in Western societies in modern times. This understanding, which became stronger in the course of time, has caused various discussions among philosophers, theologians, scientists and other researchers for a few centuries

We see that there is no discussion of religion and science in the classical Islamic culture; instead, we see religion-philosophy and revelation-mind discussions.

Ghazali (1058-1111), who represented the East of Islam, was on  one side of those debates and Ibn Rushd (1126-1198) from Qurtuba, who represented the West of Islam, was on the other side. The religion-science debates that emerged in the West have influenced Islamic communities since the 19th century.    

Although the point that these discussions have taken us is different opinions and suggestions, as Max Weber (1864-1920) puts it, “there is no longer a place for religious experience in modern society”.2 What Weber means by ‘the disenchantment of the world’ is that the religion will lose its traditional power and role in modern societies, and will be replaced by science based on rationality.3

The main reason behind the opposition to religion, pioneered by some atheists, Marxist and Darwinist philosophers, is the fact that Christianity, which had been distorted, and the church opposed science and scientists in the name of religion in the Western world. In this attitude toward religion, Islam, which is the true religion and which protects science and scientists and encourages scientific studies, was lumped together with Christianity, which tried to destroy them by not giving them the right to life.

This has been one of the biggest mistakes in the history of science. This chapter will try to explain the details of the issue.

*It was published beforehand (ÂdemTatlı, Hasan Akan, İdris Görmez, İsmail Kocaçalışkan. Felsefenin DilindenYaratılış. AkderYayınları, 2018, p. 45-70).
1.Stenmark, Mikael. (2005). Rationality in science, religion, and everyday life: a critical evaluation of four models of rationality,University of Notre Dame Press, Introduction. p.19.
2.Auletta, G. (2015). “Günümüzde Bilim, Felsefeve Din: Bazı Düşünceler”, Din-Bilim Okumaları, compiled and translated by: H. Aydeniz- F. Topaloğlu, Ankara: Elis, pp.167-201
3.Auletta, G. (2015). “Günümüzde Bilim, Felsefeve Din: Bazı Düşünceler”, Din-Bilim Okumaları, compiled and translated by: H. Aydeniz- F. Topaloğlu, Ankara: Elis, pp.167-201

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