Why is the private life of the Prophet (PBUH) mentioned in the Quran?

Details of the Question

- Why is the private life of the prophet mentioned in the Quran instead of, for instance, the description of prayer in detail?
- What is the wisdom behind the private life of the prophet being mentioned in the Quran?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

- One of the most important reasons why prayer and some other deeds of worship are not given in detail in the Quran is to show that the duty of the Prophet (pbuh) is not only to convey the message but also to explain it.  

 “…We have sent down unto thee (also) the Message; that thou mayest explain clearly to men what is sent for them, and that they may give thought.” (an-Nahl, 16/44) This duty of explaining is indicated in the verse above.

- Thus, that the details of some issues, especially the deeds of worship, are not given in the Quran is an important lesson for some ignorant people who want to exclude the Prophet (pbuh).

Let those who regard the Prophet (pbuh) only as the mailman of the revelation hear and understand it.

The second issue:

- First of all, we should state that the life of the Prophet (pbuh) mentioned in the Quran does not include so many details – unlike what is thought.    

The information given in the Quran about the life of the Prophet is very little compared to information about the lives of the other prophets mentioned in the Torah, the Gospel and the Quran.

- Secondly, some of the reasons for the information given about the private life of the Prophet (pbuh) can be explained as follows:

a) First of all, some sections from the private life of the Prophet (pbuh) aim to educate the Bedouins who had just come from the Era of Jahiliyya. For instance, verses 1-4 of the chapter of al-Hujurat and verse 53 of al-Ahzab can be considered among them.

b) The most important issue that is criticized the most by the opposers of the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh), who was accepted as being at the peak of all nice traits like chastity, honesty, virtue and reliability, is his marriage.   

It does not comply with the consciousness of belief to say that the Prophet (pbuh), who cannot be thought of doing anything without the permission of Allah, married without His permission.  

However, the hypocrites (munafiqs), who did not believe really but pretended to believe, tried to influence some new Muslims with the rumors they spread.

Therefore, those issues are mentioned in the Quran and their reasons are explained. (see al-Ahzab, 50-52)

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