What is the reason for the difference between Jesus and the Prophet Muhammad’s conveying the message?

Details of the Question

- The purpose of all Prophets is to describe the religion of Allah, Islam. However, are there not any differences among Prophets in their way of conveying the message?
- For example, what is the reason why Jesus (peace be upon him) used a much more romantic language than the Prophet Muhammad when he conveyed the message?
- For example, Jesus said that the one without sin should throw the first stone, but the Prophet Muhammed had a woman, who committed adultery, stoned. Although Jesus (pbuh) turned the other cheek when he was slapped, our Prophet (pbuh) introduced the ‘an eye for an eye’ system; and there are many other examples.

- Why did conveying the message take place in different forms?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

- Due to the statement "Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam” in the Qur'an, it is wrong to think that all religions are the same as Islam because some of the decrees in the shari’a of all religions are definitely different.

Otherwise, there would have been no need to send a new religion.

The unity of religions is the principles of faith whose truth does not change. For this reason, it is a mistake to see Islam the same as other religions and to say that different aspects of it are strange.

- The different styles of the prophets about conveying the message may have originated from the situation of the addressees, their understanding, their level of culture and similar reasons.

However, the examples given in the question should be evaluated directly as a different reflection of the revelation of Allah, rather than a style of conveying the message.

While important decrees of Shari’a have remained the same, some have differed.

There is stoning (rajm) in the Islamic shari’a, as a decree based on sound hadiths. However, the necessity of the four male witnesses has made it almost impossible to execute the penalties about it.

As a matter of fact, there is not a single instance of stoning in the Era of Bliss that was determined by witnesses and executed. All of the incidents of stoning took place because of the acceptance and confession of the adulterers.

-In addition, in the shari’a of Moses, there is a penalty of rajm/stoning in return for the adultery. (see The Bible, Deuteronomy, 22/22-24)

There were not many decrees in Jesus' shari’a. Those decrees were mostly from the Torah.

As a matter of fact, some Jews brought a woman, who was caught while committing adultery, to Jesus and said: (in order to try to see if he would remain attached to Moses, and especially to incriminate him) Moses had sentenced them to rajm, and asked what he would do to her.

Jesus said to them, "Let the one who is sinless throw the first stone." Then, they went out one by one, especially the elderly, and left Jesus alone. The woman stood in the middle. Jesus sat up and said to her, “O Woman! Where are they? Did none of them judge you?” The woman said, "None, sir." said. Jesus said, "I will not judge you either." said. "Go, and do not commit any sins from now on!" (see John 8/3-11)

It is necessary not forget the following point regarding the issue:

The Jews in question were the relentless enemies of Jesus. Jesus may have thought they were liars. However, he did not voice this clearly; he may not have put their witnesses into practice with a very clever plan by saying, "Let the one who is sinless throw the first stone."

If this decree of rajm, which is very clear in the Torah, had been explicitly mentioned in the shari’a of Jesus, it would not have been possible for him to ignore it because no prophet can do anything except by the leave of Allah, nor can he introduce any decree, nor will he leave it.

However, the attitudes of Muhammad (pbuh) regarding the people who were stoned are also a sign of great compassion and mercy. (For example, his turning away from Maiz…)

The real meaning of the statement of Jesus "If someone slaps you in the face, turn the other cheek” is as follows: "If a Jew who is one of your brothers of faith hits you on your cheek, tell him: Here is my other cheek, come and hit it too!"

This advice is not in the form of a general rule; it aims to reinforce the brotherhood of faith and it was said in a specific context.

It does not mean: Punch me as much as you can. You broke one of my arms; come and break the other one. You took out one of my eyes; come take out the other.”

There are many verses and hadiths that recommend “forgiveness” on this matter, and ask for greater waivers.

It is also necessary to remember the following word of Jesus:

“Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword.(Matthew 10; 34-36)

Moreover, ‘in the Law of Equality there is (saving of) Life’. This law system protects both rights and dignity of humanity; it is also a symbol of justice that does not leave the oppressor unpunished and the oppressed unassisted.

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