What is the decree on cleaning the body and making ghusl on friday? Is it wajib to make ghusl on friday according to the following hadith: "It is wajib to make ghusl on friday for everybody who has reached the age of puberty.

Details of the Question

What is the decree on cleaning the body and making ghusl on friday? Is it wajib to make ghusl on friday according to the following hadith: "It is wajib to make ghusl on friday for everybody who has reached the age of puberty. It is also wajib to use miswak and to wear nice scent if possible"?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

“Allah is clean and loves cleaning.” (Muslim, Iman:147) When the Prophet (pbuh) advises believers to try to be clean in all aspects, he also points out that it is also a mirror for Allah’s name “al-Jamil (the Most Beautiful)”.

A believer keeps pace with the universe and acts in accordance with the law of creation as long as he pays attention to cleanliness both spiritually and ethically. The law of cleanliness is valid and functions all the time. It is quite natural for man to act in accordance with this law, which is valid and functions all the time. A law of complete cleanliness is dominant in the universe from flies to elephants and from flowers to stars. Everything is naturally clean unless humans intervene.

Man, whose heart, spirit, feelings and faculties are cleaned with the light of belief and are purified from sins and doubts, will naturally keep his body clean, having both inner and outer cleanliness. Thus, he will act in accordance with his belief and reflect Allah Almighty’s names al-Quddus (the Absolutely Pure), al-Jamil (the Most Beautiful) and an-Nazif (the Cleanest) in his life.

Is it possible for a person who pays attention to spiritual cleanliness to ignore the cleanliness of his body and clothes? The Prophet (pbuh) and the fortunate people who followed him paid great attention to cleanliness. Therefore, they are clean and pure. They were clean in all aspects.

The Prophet (pbuh) usually put on white clothes and paid attention to his appearance including his hair and beard. He gave great importance to having a bath, which is a large part of bodily cleanliness. His blessed body always smelled nice but he always put on perfume; he had a bath at least once a week; he always advised people to take a bath.   

When we look at the hadiths of the Prophet (pbuh) about having a bath, we see the following:

Abu Hurayra narrates. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said,  

“It is Allah's right on every Muslim that he should take a bath (at least) once in seven days.” (Bukhari, al-Jumua, 12)

The version of the hadith reported by Jabir bin Abdullah is as follows:

“It is necessary for a Muslim to have a bath once a week. That day is Friday.” (Nasai, al-Jumua, 8; Kanzul-Ummal, h. no: 21277, 21236)

According to a narration from Samura, the Prophet (pbuh) said,

“A person who makes wudu on Friday does a good deed but it is more virtuous and rewarding to make ghusl.” (Abu Dawud, Taharah 130, (354); Tirmidhi, Salah 357, (497); Nasai, Jumua 9)

Those hadiths advise us to clean our body at least once a week and to prefer Friday for it. Acting upon those hadiths, some scholars regard making ghusl on Friday wajib and others regard it sunnah muakkadah but it is a mandub deed of worship. This ghusl is not related to the ghusl that is fard. When it becomes necessary for a person to make ghusl, it is fard for him to make ghusl without delaying it very much. There is no certain time or day for it.

There are many wisdoms behind making ghusl on Friday and it gains man a lot of thawabs. However, those hadiths do not indicate that it is makruh to make ghusl on the other days of the week. In fact, if it is possible, it is better to have a bath every day, if not possible once in two or three days. If that is not possible, one should make wudu at least once a week. It contains important benefits for the health and ease of the body.

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