What is the decree about saying "Allahumma antassalam wa-minkassalam tabarakta ya dhaljalal-i wal-ikram (O Allah, You are peace, peace comes from You. Blessed are You O Possessor of Glory and Honor)" after a prayer?

Details of the Question
What is the decree about saying "Allahumma antassalam wa-minkassalam tabarakta ya dhaljalal-i wal-ikram (O Allah, You are peace, peace comes from You. Blessed are You O Possessor of Glory and Honor)" after a prayer? I say, "Allahumma antassalam wa-minkassalam tabarakta ya dhaljalal-i wal-ikram" after each prayer. I learned it in the mosque. Will you tell me its meaning and where and how to read it?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Hz. Thawban narrates:

"When the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) finished prayer by giving salutations, he would ask for forgiveness three times and say,

'Allahumma antassalam wa-minkassalam tabarakta ya dhaljalal-i wal-ikram. (O Allah, You are peace, peace comes from You. Blessed are You O Possessor of Glory and Honor)'[Muslim, Masajid 135, (591); Tirmidhi, Salat 224, (300); Abu Dawud, Salat 360 (1513); Nasai, Sahw 80, (3, 68).]

EXPLANATION:

1. The following addition exists in the narration of Muslim: Walid says, "I asked Awzai, 'How can I ask for forgiveness as it is mentioned in the hadith?' He said, Say,'Astaghfirullah, astaghfirullah.'"

2. Salam is one of Allah's names. In the hadith, it means, "O Allah! You are free and away all kinds of mistakes and deficiencies." The phrase 'Peace comes from you' means, "You give people peace; if you wish, you can remove peace; the existence and non-existence of peace depend on you."

Tabarakta means you became blessed and free from mistakes and deficiencies. It is derived from the word barakah. Barakah means multitude, plenitude, abundance and increase. It can also be interpreted as "You are great and free from deficient attributes due to the plenitude of your attributes of majesty and perfection."

To sum up, this glorification, which is uttered after giving salutations at the end of a prayer, is uttered with the intention of respect while praising and glorifying Allah.

(bk. Prof.Dr. İbrahim CANAN, Kütüb-ü Sitte Şerhi, , Cilt 16-17)

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