What is the criterion for the length of the ruku and sajdah in prayers? How many times can invocations be recited at ruku (bowing down in prayer) and sajdah (prostration) at most?

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What is the criterion for the length of the ruku and sajdah in prayers? How many times can invocations be recited at ruku (bowing down in prayer) and sajdah (prostration) at most?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

In nafilah (supererogatory) prayers, you can recite invocations as many times as you want during ruku and sajdah. However in fard (obligatory) prayers, it is necessary to recite according to the rules of the Sunnah.

"Subhana Rabbiyal-A’la" (Glory to my Lord, the Most High) is recited only three times. This is the minimum number of invocation which is performed in ruku and sajdah. It is mustahab (recommended) to increase the number of invocations to five or seven as long as the number remains odd. However, the imam should not do this more than three times. (al-Hidaya - al Muhit / Sarakhsi)

The Islamic canonist experts say that the minimum number of invocations is three, the average of it is five and the perfect of it is seven. (Celal Yıldırım, Kaynaklarla İslam Fıkhı)

It is unanimously sunnah to say "Subhana Rabbiyal-A’la" in sajdah (prostration) at least one time and normally three times. The proof of this is the hadith narration of Ibn Mas'ud:

"...When the Prophet went to sajdah, he said "Subhana Rabbiyal-A’la" three times."

The following is stated in the hadith narration of Abu Huzayfa (R.A):

"Huzayfa heard the prophet (PBUH) in sajdah saying ""Subhana Rabbiyal-A’la three times" (Ibn Majah and Abu Dawud also narrated this hadith but did not say "three times".)

The sect of Hanafi school said, the Imam should not recite invocations in sajdah more than three times in order to give relief the congregation. According to the school of Malikis, there is no limit in invocations. (Wahba Zuhayli İslam Fıkhı Ency.)

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