What are Tashriq Takbirs? When are they Uttered?
What are Tashriq Takbirs? When are they Uttered? Do not forget these takbirs from the morning (fajr) prayer on the day of Arafa
Submitted by on Fri, 23/12/2016 - 10:25
Dear Brother / Sister,
The first day of the eid al-adha is called yawm an-nahr (day of sacrificing); the other two days are called ayyam at-tashriq (days of drying flesh). The day before the eid al-adha is called yawm al-arafa, which is the ninth day of Dhul-hijjah. There is no arafa in the eid al-fitr.
Beginning from the morning prayer of the day of arafa, to the afternoon prayer of the fourth day of the eid al-adha, the following takbir is uttered after 23 fard prayers:
Allahu Akbar Allahu Akbar La ilaha Illallahu Wallahu Akbar, Allahu Akbar wa Lillahi'l-Hamd. They are called tashriq takbirs.
According to the majority of the fiqh scholars, tashriq takbirs are wajib for everybody who performs prayers. Some scholars say, they are sunnah.
A person who misses a prayer on the day of tashriq takbirs utters tashriq takbirs if he performs that prayer on tashriq days. If he performs it on another day, he does not utter tashriq takbirs after the prayer.
Women read tashriq takbirs silently.
TAKBIR OF TASHRIQ
Tashriq means to go to the east, to shine and to lay the meat under the sun.
Takbirs of tashriq are the takbirs that are uttered after the fard prayers on the eid al-adha. The first day of the eid al-adha is called "yawm an-nahr" (day of sacrifice); the other three days are called "ayyamu't-tashriq (days of tashriq)". The day before the eid is called “the day of Arafa”.
Beginning from the morning prayer on the day of Arafa to the afternoon prayer on the fourth day of the eid, "Allahu akbar Allahu akbar, La ilahe illallahu wallahu akbar. Allahu akbar wa lillahi'l-hamd" is uttered once after each fard prayer (twenty-three fard prayers); it is called “takbir of tashriq”; the meaning of it is as follows: "Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest. There is no god but Allah. He, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest. Priase be to Allah". That form of takbir is reported from Hz. Ali and Abdullah b. Mas'ud (may Allah be pleased with them).
The beginning of takbirs of tashriq dates back to the incident of Hz. Ibrahim sacrificing Hz Ismail, his son. Based on the sound dream he sees, Hz. Ibrahim (pbuh) decides to sacrifice his son for the sake of Allah. While he is preparing for the sacrifice, Allah sends a ram to be sacrificed instead of his son. When Gabriel (pbuh) reaches the sky of the world, he utters takbirs, “Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar” because he fears he will not be able to reach on time. When Ibrahim (pbuh) hears it, he looks up at the sky, sees Gabriel coming down with a ram, and utters, “There is no god but Allah. He, Allah is the greatest. Ismail (pbuh), who hears those words of takbir and tawhid and waiting to be sacrificed, says, “Allah is the greatest. Praise be to Allah." Thus, a great sunnah that will last until the Day of Judgment starts. (as-Saffat, 37/102, 107; Ismail" item; al-Mawsili, al-Ikhtiyar li Ta'lili'l-Mukhtar, Cairo (n.d), I, 87, 88).
According to Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad, takbirs are uttered after twenty-three fard prayers. Fatwa is issued based on their views. According to Abu Hanifa, takbirs of tashriq are uttered after eight fard prayers: beginning from the morning prayer on the day of Arafa to the afternoon prayer on the first day of the eid.
Takbirs of tashriq are wajib according to many fiqh scholars. As for others, it is sunnah to utter them. According to Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad, it is wajib for those who are obliged to perform fard prayers. There is no difference between a person who is praying alone and in congregation, a person living in the village and a person living in the city, man and woman regarding the issue. Takbirs of tashriq can be uttered in congregation or on one’s own. They can be uttered later if the prayers of those days are skipped and performed later. Men utter them loudly but women say them silently. takbirs are not uttered after the prayer of eid and the prayers of witr.
According to Abu Hanifa, takbirs of tashriq become wajib if the person is free, not traveling, and male and performs the fard prayer in congregation. Therefore, they are not wajib for a person who is traveling, a slave, female, performing the prayer alone. However, if they follow an imam and perform the prayer in congregation, they are to utter takbirs together with the congregation. Takbirs of tashriq are not uttered in small settlements where Friday and eid prayers are not performed; takbirs of tashriq are not wajib for the disabled people who perform the noon prayer in congregation on Friday.
If a prayer is skipped on the days of tashriq of a year and is performed on another tashriq day of the same year, takbirs of tashriq are uttered at the end of that prayer; however, if that prayer is performed on another day of the year or on a tashriq day of a different year, takbirs of tashriq are not uttered.
If sajdah as-sahw (prostration of forgetfulness), takbirs of tashriq and talbiya are to be performed at the end of the same prayer, first sajdah as-sahw is performed, then takbirs are uttered and then talbiya is uttered (for talbiya, see "Hajj" item).
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