Is there a hadith meaning a guest comes with ten shares (of sustenance); he eats one share and leaves the remaining shares?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

It is a proverb. However, we think it is based on some hadith narrations that have a close meaning to that statement.

As a matter of fact, the following is stated in a hadith:

“A guest comes with his sustenance; he becomes a means of forgiveness of the sins of the hosts and leaves.” (Ajluni, 1/88, 2/36)

Sahawi states that the chain of narrators of that hadith, which Daylami narrated, is weak but that it is supported by some other narrations; he indicates that it could be sound. (al-Maqasidul-Hasana-Shamila-1/21)

The Prophet (pbuh) said, "He who believes in Allah and the hereafter should entertain his guest." (Bukhari, Adab, 85; Muslim, Iman, 74) The Prophet (pbuh) also states that goodness and blessings will arrive a household who entertain guests, very quickly. (Ibn Majah, Ati'ma, 55)

The Prophet (pbuh) warns those who evade entertaining guests though they can afford as follows: "There is no good in a person who does not want to entertain guests." (Ibn Hanbal, IV, 155)

In a hadith, the prayer by a traveler (guest) is mentioned among the prayers that are certain to be accepted. (Abu Dawud, Witr, 29; Tirmidhi, Daawat, 47)

A Muslim should try to have the following characteristic mentioned in the following verse regarding all issues: "...They give their believing brothers preference over themselves, even though poverty was their (own lot)..." {(al-Hashr 59/9; Bukhari, Tafsir, (59), 6}

We understand from both the statements and practices of the Prophet (pbuh) that it is a very important ethical principle for a Muslim to entertain guests. The phrase "guest of God" shows the importance attached to guests and respect shown to them based on the sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh).

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