Is there a hadith meaning that a guest brings with himself ten bounties, eats one of them and leaves the rest nine to the host?

Details of the Question
Is there a hadith meaning that a guest brings with himself ten bounties, eats one of them and leaves the rest nine to the host?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

This is indeed a proverb. However, we think that it was said by having been inspired by some hadith reports which bear a very close meaning to it. 

Actually, a hadith says: 

“A guest comes with his bounties and becomes a means for the sins of the hosts to be forgiven before he leaves.” (Ajluni, 1/88, 2/36). 

,About this hadith reported by Daylami, Sahawi stated that its reliability is weak; nevertheless, stating that it is supported by some other reports (which are called “shawahid”), he indicated that it could be sound (sahih). (al-Maqasidu’l-hasana-Shamila-1/21). 

The Prophet said: “Whoever believes in Allah and the Day of Judgment should entertain, his guests!” (Bukhari, Adab, 85; Muslim, Faith, 74). He also stated that good things and abundance reaches very fast to a household who entertains their guests. (Ibn Majah, Ati’mah, 55). 

And he warned those who are reluctant to entertain their guests although they can afford by saying “There is no good in a person who does not want to entertain guests.” (Ibn Hanbal, IV, 155) 

In another hadith, the supplication of a passenger (visitor/guest) is regarded among the supplications that are sure to be accepted. (Abu Dawud, Witr, 29; Tirmidhi, Daawat, 47). 

A Muslim should try to have the following characteristic pointed out in the following Quranic verse in all circumstances: “…but give them preference over themselves, even though poverty was their (own lot)…” (al-Hashr, 59:9; Bukhari, Tafsir, (59), 6). 

We deduce from both the Prophet’s verbal declarations and practices that it is a very important moral principle for Muslims to entertain guests and to treat them well. The phrase “Guest of God (unexpected guest)”, which is widely-used, shows the importance that our decent people attach to guests, following the sunnah of the Honorable Messenger (pbuh).

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