Is there a Companion who was a revelation scribe of the Prophet and then who exited the religion of Islam? If yes, who is he?

Details of the Question

Is there a Companion who was a revelation scribe of the Prophet and then who exited the religion of Islam? If yes, who is he?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Ibn Abbas narrates:

"Abdullah Ibn Sa'd Ibn Abis-Sarh was a revelation scribe of the Prophet (pbuh). Satan deceived him; he became an apostate and took refuge in the unbelievers. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) ordered him to be killed on the day of the Conquest. However, Hz. Uthman took him under his protection. The Messenger of Allah accepted this protection." [Abu Dawud Hudud 1, (4358); Nasai, Tahrimud-Dam 15, (7, 107)]

This hadith is included in a longer hadith in the interpretation of the chapter of an-Nahl in the chapter called tafsir as a Nasai narration.

"Anyone who, after accepting faith in Allah, utters Unbelief,- except under compulsion, his heart remaining firm in Faith - but such as open their breast to Unbelief, on them is Wrath from Allah, and theirs will be a dreadful Penalty." (an-Nahl, 16/106)

Muqatil states the following: The verse "Anyone who, after accepting faith in Allah, utters Unbelief, but such as open their breast to Unbelief, on them is Wrath from Allah" was sent down for Abdullah ibn Sa'd ibn Sarh al-Qurashi, Miqyaqs ibn Subaba (or Dubaba), Abdullah ibn Anas ibn Hatal, Tu'ma ibn Ubayriq, Qays ibnul-Walid ibnul-Mughira and Qays Ibnul-Faqih al-Mahzurni. (Ibnul-Jawzi, Zadul-Masir fi Ilmit-Tafsir, IV / 495; Qurtubi, al-Jamiu li-Ahkamil-Qur'an, Xl / 18; Bedreddin Çetiner, Esbab-ı Nüzul, Çağrı Publications: 2/550-552)

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