salat

Details of the Question
8:35,9:54,16:123,21:73,22:27 & 22:78 show that Islamic practises were already established before the Quran.So Namaz came from Abrahim but 8:35 states it was corrupt.People say to turn to Hadith but there is not one on it.Hijra hadith doesn't make sense as Muslims were already reading namaz.Where does Namaz come from?It was corrupted so why doesnt the Quran correct it?(the Quran is complete 6:38)How do we read Namaz?Where do we find this information in the Quran?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The essentials of faith conveyed by the prophets from Adam to our prophet Mohammad (peace and blessing be upon them) are same. This is a common case of the religions conveyed by the prophets. Neither any prophets changed the essentials of faith, nor did they add anything new. What the Adam (PUH) called people to believe in is same as that the last prophet Mohammed (PBUH) conveyed to his community. 

As there are no differences between the divine religions about the essentials of faith, the basic principles of worship have no differences either.
Thus, performing salah (prescribed prayers), which is the pillar of religion, was decreed as an obligatory duty to all prophets and their communities. The difference is just about their times and rakahs. And five times daily prayer, the sawap (benefit) of which is equal to fifity times, was decreed as obligatory to us.
The essence that the salah was decreed to the former-communities is directly mentioned in the Quran. For instance, in one verse it is said that Prophet Abraham (PUH) always performed prayer and advised his descendants to perform the prayer permanently. The verse is as follows: “O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer, and also (raise such) among my offspring, O our Lord!, and accept Thou my Prayer.” (1)
Prophet Moses (PUH) was decreed to perform prayer (salah) too. It is mentioned in the 12th verse of chapter Al-Maida that it was gotten a promise out of Jews that they would perform the salah.
Prophet Shoayb (PUH) was performing a good many prayers. As a matter of fact, he was affronted because of that. Such event is mentioned in the Quran as follows;
“They said: "O Shuàib! Does thy prayer command thee that we leave off the worship which our fathers practiced, or that we leave off doing what we like with our property? truly, thou art the one that forbeareth with faults and is right- minded!" (2) 
Also, it is mentioned in the Quran that the prophets Ishak, Jacob, Zakariyaa (Zechariah) and Jesus (Christ) (peace be upon them) were performing the prayers as well.
On the other hand, Zakah (alms) and fasting too are not worships just performed by the Muslim community, besides Quran declares that such worships were decreed to be done by the former community. For example, in the 183rd verse of chapter Al-Bakara it is said;
“O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you, that ye may (learn) self-restraint,-)
Yes, salah (prayer), fasting, zakah (obligatory alms) and much other worship were included in the sharia of other prophets. But, Jews and Christians abandoned or changed such kinds of worship.
And so, instead of saying “Muslims took prayer from Jews”, to say “The Almighty God decreed prayer to Jews and other communities too” is more correct.
REFERENCES:
1. Abraham Sura (chapter), 40;
2. Hûd Sura (chapter), 87;
Taceddin Şimşek

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