It is narrated that prophets other than the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to perform salah. Was there the worship of Salah in other religions, too?

The Details of the Question
It is narrated that prophets other than the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to perform salah. Was there the worship of Salah in other religions, too?
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

From Hz. Adam to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH), the fundamentals of Belief that all prophets conveyed are the same. This quality is a common characteristic of all true religions that prophets conveyed. No prophet changed the fundamentals of belief; did they not make an addition to them, either. The last prophet, Hz. Muhammad (PBUH), called his community to believe the same fundamentals as Hz. Adam called his people to believe.

There is no difference between the fundamentals of belief of divine religions; similarly, there is no difference about basic worshipping among the religions.

Salah, which is considered as the pillar of religion, is a kind of worship that was made obligatory for all prophets and their communities. However, the difference is only in their time and the number of rakats. For Muslims, it has been ordered to perform five times a day, which is equal to fifty times a day in terms of thawab. (reward given by Allah)   

It is clearly narrated in the Qur’an that salah was ordered to previous communities. For example, in a verse, it has been reported that Hz. Ibrahim used to perform prayers regularly and he wanted it to be practiced by his generation as follows:

O my Lord! make me one who establishes regular Prayer, and also (raise such) among my offspring O our Lord! and accept Thou my Prayer. (Ibrahim, 40)

Hz. Musa was also ordered to perform salah. In the 12th verse of the Surah of Al-Maeda, it is narrated that there was a certain promise by Israelites about performing salah.

Hz. Shuayb used to pray a lot. Even because of this, his community wanted to insult him. This is narrated in the Qur’an as follows:

They said: "Oh Shuayb! does thy (religion of) prayer command thee that we leave off the worship which our fathers practised or that we leave off doing what we like with our property? (Surah Hud, 87)

Again, it is narrated in the Qur’an that Hz. Ishaq and Jacob, Hz. Zakariya and Jesus prayed.

On the other hand, worships like fasting and zakat do not only belong to the community of our prophet (BPUH). As a matter of fact, it has been narrated that these worships are ordered as fard for other communities, too. For example, in the 183th verse of Surah of Al-Baqara, the following is stated:

O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint.―

Yes, salah, fasting, zakat and many other kinds of worship do exist in the shariah of other prophets. However, in the course of time, Jews and Christians gave up performing these worships or changed them.

So, it is much better to say; Almighty Allah (SWT) ordered Jews and other communities to perform salah instead of saying, ”Muslims copied salah from Jews.”

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