Is it true that those who are not believers or those who have problems related to some principles of belief cannot be saved from penalty in the hereafter?

The Details of the Question

- From what verses or hadiths is this conclusion made?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

There are many verses and hadiths stating that those who are not believers will remain in Hell forever:  

Some of those verse are as follows:

“Those who reject Faith and do wrong,- Allah will not forgive them nor guide them to any way- Except the way of Hell, to dwell therein for ever. And this to Allah is easy.” (an-Nisa, 4/168-169)

“Unless I proclaim what I receive from Allah and His Messages: for any that disobey Allah and His Messenger,- for them is Hell: they shall dwell therein for ever.” (al-Jinn, 72/23)

“Verily he who comes to his Lord as a sinner (at Judgment),- for him is Hell: therein shall he neither die nor live.” (Taha, 20/74)

“The admonition will be received by those who fear (Allah): But it will be avoided by those most unfortunate ones, Who will enter the Great Fire, In which they will then neither die nor live.” (al-A’la, 87/10-13)

As for those who deny some of the principles of belief:

First of all, the principles of belief form such a whole that to believe in one of them necessitates believing in the others and to deny one of them harms belief.

The answer Badiuzzaman Said Nursi gives to the question “Why does a person who denies one of the pillars and truths of belief become an apostate, falling into disbelief, and by not accepting it, quit Islam?” will shed light on the issue:

“The answer: Belief is a single truth, which, composed of its six pillars, cannot be divided up. It is a universal that cannot be separated into parts. It is a whole that cannot be broken up. For each of the pillars of belief proves the other pillars with the proofs that prove itself. They are all extremely powerful proofs of each other. In which case, an invalid idea that cannot shake all the pillars together with all their proofs, cannot in reality negate any one of the pillars, or even a single of their truths, and cannot deny them. Under the veil of non-acceptance one might only, by shutting his eyes, commit ‘obstinate unbelief;’ he would by degrees fall into absolute disbelief and lose his humanity, and go to Hell, both physically and mentally.” (Asa-yı Musa, Birinci Kısım, Dokuzuncu Mesele)

Therefore, it is stated in some verses that those who deny one part/principle of belief will remain in Hell forever. Here are some examples:

“Those who deny Allah and His messengers, and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His messengers, saying: "We believe in some but reject others": And (those who) wish to take a course midway,- They are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment..” (an-Nisa, 4/150-151)

“Those who reject (Truth), among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures.” (al-Bayyina, 98/6)

In the verse above the word ‘kafaru’ (reject) is used for the People of the Book too and it is underlined that they will remain in Hell forever. As a matter of fact, they, especially Jews, believe in the other principles of belief, primarily in Allah but they deserve this attribute and penalty just because they do not believe in Muhammad. (cf Tabari, Razi,  Alusi, Maraghi, the interpretation of the verse in question)

It I also possible to see those facts in the verses below: 

“Say ye: ‘We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma´il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) prophets from their Lord: We make no difference between one and another of them: And we bow to Allah (in Islam).’ So, if they believe as ye believe, they are indeed on the right path; but if they turn back, it is they who are in schism; but Allah will suffice thee as against them, and He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing.” (al-Baqara, 2/136-137)

Those who are not aware of Islam are called ahl al-fatrah (people of interregnum). They can exist any time. Therefore, if there are such people even today, they are regarded as ahl al-fatrah.

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