It is said that everything is perfect in the Quran. Was everything really created in the best and perfect way? Why did many species of living things become extinct? It is accepted in the world of science that wisdom teeth of man are a fault.

Details of the Question
It is said that everything is perfect in the Quran. Was everything really created in the best and perfect way? Why did many species of living things become extinct? It is accepted in the world of science that wisdom teeth of man are a fault.
The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Answer 1:

a. The perfection of something does not guarantee that it will exist forever. Man is a perfect being but he is doomed to die. Man sometimes dies a few seconds after he is born. One individual of a human being is like a species of the other living things in terms of its complex structure and the perfect values it has. The beings in the universe witness the existence of Allah by existing; similarly, when they die, they witness the continuation and the eternity of the existence of Allah, who kills them, by dying.

Nobody can claim that the existence of the extinction of species is less perfect than the existence of the available species. Do sane people have to believe in Darwin's nonsense of natural selection?

Every being has properties peculiar to them in terms of perfection. You cannot compare the neck of a camel to the tail of an elephant. Being long is perfect for the former and being short is perfect for the latter.

It is ridiculous to use the thin waist of an ant even for a puppet. However, it is perfect for ants.  

b. Even if we accept that this statement, "It is accepted in the world of science that wisdom teeth of man are a fault"  is true, it cannot be sufficient evidence to decide that they are really purposeless. 

For, we are familiar with a world of science that says white for something and that says black for the same thing after a while so many times. The world of science that regarded human breast milk as poison for the baby has admitted that it is a unique antidote now. 

- The world of science, which regarded the small bag of tissue called appendix as an unnecessary part a few years ago, has had to accept that it is as necessary as tonsils now.

- By the way, it is necessary not to forget the fraudulent scientists who slander science in order to confirm the thesis that man came from apes by combining one part of a woman's skull and one part of a chimpanzee's skull.

- It is wrong to look for the same perfection in every part of the universe. As the rule, "everything is known through its opposite" denotes, divine wisdom wants to show the beauty of some things by showing ugly things along with them. This ugly being also gains beauty indirectly. For instance, the darkness of night shows the moonlight nicer. Therefore, nights with moonlight are mentioned in the books of poets a lot. People have seen this fact; therefore, they sometimes place an ugly log, a rock or a few stones in a beautiful park in order to increase the beauty and perfection of its view. 

- Is it possible for the unique divine power and perfect wisdom, which gives man small teeth when he is small and removes them when he grows up and needs to eat big morsels and gives him bigger appropriate teeth instead, to create the wisdom teeth in vain or is it possible for those teeth to appear without His permission?

It is important that He teaches us through wisdom teeth (age 20 teeth), which appear at a certain period. What if there were age 20-21-….40 teeth? That is, everything is the reflection of the pre-destination of a power that operates based on endless knowledge and wisdom. "Allah is enough; the others are the desires of the soul."

Answer 2:

All names of Allah are beautiful. The manifestations of those names are also beautiful. Besides, one of the names of Allah is al-Jamil (the Beautiful). It is one of the names of Allah meaning beautiful. It is synonymous with Husn. Allah created all of the beauties. He is the most beautiful of the beautiful. Allah, who makes things and people beautiful, is beautiful and beauties are an attribute of his Jamal (beauty). He is free from faults; His beauty does not resemble creatures. The amazing beauty of each name of Asma al-Husna (the Beautiful Names) becomes manifest even in the smallest phenomena. It is Jamil dhul-Jalal (Allah, the Beautiful and Lord of Majesty) who creates the works of arts, miracles and wonderful and extraordinary events that affect man.

He created life and man in the most beautiful way.

"He Who has made everything which He has created most Good. He began the creation of man with (nothing more than) clay."(as-Sajda, 32/7)

However, Satan, who rebelled against his Lord and who will make man deviate up to the Day of Judgment, brings about all ugly deeds. Things are beautiful either by themselves or through their effects. Things have good aspects and bad aspects. Allah orders us not to follow the footsteps of Satan, and eat and drink good things. (al-Baqara, 2/168-172). Satan and his friends change and spoil the beauties that Allah created; they render haram (forbidden) what is halal (legitimate). Therefore, the bad things are for the bad people and the good things are for the good people. The good will gain rewards and the bad and the ugly will obtain sins. If it were not for the grace, bounties and mercy of Allah, people would never be purified. (an-Nur, 24/21) After swearing by the night and the day, Allah gives the glad tiding that He will prepare the one who "... (in all sincerity) testifies to the Best " to the easiest thing.(al-Layl, 92/1-7)

Answer 3:

“Everything about Qadar (Divine Determining) is good and beautiful. Even the evil that comes from it is good, and the ugliness is beautiful.”(Sözler (Words))

First of all, man should examine his own body and think of each organ individually. Then, he should ask himself: The place, shape, size and duty of which one has not been determined in the best way? Then, he should move to his world of spirit and think in the same way: Is memory unnecessary or imagination? Is love extra or fear? 
The body forms a whole with all of its organs and only in that case does it become useful; similarly, the spirit forms a whole with all of its feelings, emotions and faculties; only then does it become effective. If you remove the mind and memory from man's spirit, he will not be able fulfill any of its functions. If you remove the feeling of anxiety, he will be lazy; he will not work for this world or for the hereafter. If you remove fear, he will not be able to protect his life. If he does not have the feeling of love, he will not find pleasure in anything.   

“All of Allah’s names are beautiful; similarly, all of their manifestations are beautiful.”

In Risale-i Nur collection, beauty is examined in two parts: “beautiful itself” and “beautiful in terms of its effects”. We can give some examples for this classification: Day is beautiful itself; night has a different beauty peculiar to itself. One of them denotes wakefulness and the other denotes sleep. Is it not clear that we need both of them?

On the other hand, fruit is beautiful itself but medication is beautiful in terms of its effect. Similarly, health is beautiful itself but illness is beautiful in terms of its effect. Eating is beautiful itself but going on a diet is beautiful in terms of its effect. The rose is beautiful itself but the manure is beautiful in terms of its effect. 

The incidents man faces are like night or day. Health is like day and illness is like night. If it is considered that illnesses are atonement for sins, that they teach man that he is weak and that they make man's heart break off its ties with the world and turn to his Lord, it will be seen that illness is a great bounty like health. Health is a festival for the body and illness is food for the heart.   

“Day and night” are only one link of the chain of the manifestations of the names “jalal and jamal” (beauty and majesty), which are active in the universe all the time. There are many more links like the positive and negative poles of electricity, the black and white part of the eye, the red and white cells of blood, etc. We are surrounded by these dual things in our inner and outer world; we obtain different benefits from them.   

One of the verses of the Quran regarding the issue is as follows:

“…But it is possible that ye dislike a thing which is good for you, and that ye love a thing which is bad for you...” (al-Baqara, 2/216)

The verse is related to jihad but its decree is general. Another dual thing is shown to us in this verse: war and peace. Peace is like day; everybody likes it; war is like night. However, if people do not fight when it is necessary, their future will be dark and their next generations will be lost in darkness. Those who are martyred in jihad are elevated to the rank of sainthood; the worldly life that they lose is like night compared to their new rank.

Can there be a misfortune worse than death? The verse tells us that there may be many good things behind an incident that man's soul does not like. Thus, it consoles us for the misfortunes, illnesses and disasters of the world.   

The following is stated in a sacred hadith: “My mercy surpasses My wrath.” This hadith is interpreted as follows: “There are so many merciful signs of Allah behind every misfortune that they surpass the pains and agonies caused by that misfortune.”

When compared to eternity, man's lifespan is not even like a moment. We should not worry about the illnesses, misfortunes and problems that strike us in this short life if they are beneficial for our eternal life. Seventy or eighty years is like nothing compared to eternal life. All of the ephemeral misfortunes and troubles of this world are like nothing compared to the endless bliss. 

However, man's soul demands current pleasures; it does not wait for the future. The future belongs to the mind and the heart. As we have just mentioned, not all misfortunes are troublesome. The incidents that our souls do not like and that darken our ephemeral world are either divine warnings that prevent us from going to wrong directions or atonements for our sins that make us suffer in this world without leaving any punishment to the eternal realm. Or, they are means of making man's heart turn to Allah and to the hereafter from the ephemeral world life.

On the other hand, misfortunes are a test of patience for man; the reward for this test is great.

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