Is it permissible to supplicate (say prayers) on behalf of another person? For instance, the chapters of al-Falaq and an-Nas.

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

Yes, it is permissible to supplicate (say prayers) on behalf of another person. Such a prayer is more likely to be accepted. 

A prayer said on behalf of a person in his absence is described as "saying prayers with a sinless tongue". If somebody says a prayer on behalf of a person who sins, he will have prayed with a sinless tongue. For, the person who says the prayer is not responsible for the sin that is committed. 

Two of the hadiths mentioning how important it is for a believer to supplicate for others are as follows:

“There is no believing servant who supplicates for his brother in his absence that the angels do not say: ‘The same be for you too’.” (Muslim, Dhikr 86; Abu Dawud, Witr 29)

“If a Muslim supplicates for his brother in religion in his absence, his prayer is accepted. As he supplicates, the angel commissioned for carrying supplication to his Lord says: ‘Amin! And it is for you also.” (Muslim, Dhikr 87, 88; Ibn Majah, Manasik 5)

On the other hand, Abu Said al-Khudri said, "Once, I watched the night worship of the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) from the evening to dawn. I heard him pray as follows: ‘O Allah! Uthman b. Affan... I am pleased with him.’" (Abu Ja'far Ahmad at- Tabari, ar-Riyadun- Nadira fi Manaqibil- Ashara, III, 29)

Anas b. Malik states that they prayed for each other as follows at night: "May Allah grant you the prayer (salah) of good people who worship at night, fast during the day and do not commit sins." (Abu Nuaym, Hilya, II, 34)

The narrations above show the importance Allah gives to the prayers believers say for one another.  

It pleases Allah Almighty when believers love one another, wish goodness and happiness for one another and pray for one another. He rewards those slaves who are so considerate as to think of others through the angels as it is stated in the hadiths. When a person wishes goodness for his brother in religion or prays for him so that his trouble will be removed, the angel commissioned for carrying supplication to his Lord says: “Amin!” That is, “May Allah accept your prayer!” Then, he says, “May what you ask for your brother be given to you too!” It is more acceptable in the eye of Allah to pray for a Muslim in a way that he will not hear since it will be free from hypocrisy and show off.

The following incident narrated by Hz. Umar regarding the issue is very important:

I asked permission from the Prophet (pbuh) to perform umrah. He gave me permission and said, “My dear brother! Do not forget to pray for me too!” I became so happy when I heard it. I would not be happier even if I were given the whole world. (Abu Dawud, Witr 23) According to another narration, he said, “My dear brother! Include us in your prayer!” (Tirmidhi, Daawat 110; Abu Dawud, Witr 23; Ibn Majah, Manasik 5)

In that case, we should pray for our Muslim brothers and ask them to pray for us.

For more information, please click on the link given below;

How should a believer pray for another believer?

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