If the Qur'an is sufficient, why is it not included in it how to pray?

The Details of the Question

- If we have to learn the prayer from the hadiths, then why does the following statement exist in the Quran: “the Qur'an is sufficient”?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

- The Qur'an is sufficient because the Qur'an also commands us to follow the sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).

That is, the hadiths that convey the Sunnah to us are also under the protection of the Qur'an; they interpret it.

- We do not know any verse in the Qur'an that says, “the Qur'an is sufficient.”

If there is a verse that seems suitable for this question, it is the 51st verse of al- Ankabut:

“Is it not sufficient for them that We have sent down to you the Book that is being recited to them?“ (al- Ankabut, 29/51)

The emphasis in the verse above does not mean that the Qur'an does not need hadiths/sunnahs.

On the contrary, it is a sign of its universal and miraculous aspect that continues until the end of time. In fact, the reason for the revelation of this verse is that the unbelievers always wanted miracles without thinking.

Those who look carefully at the translations of the verses below will see this fact.

“And whatever the Messenger has given you - take; and what he has forbidden you - refrain from.” (al-Hashr, 59/7)

“Whoever obeys the Messenger obeys Allah.” (an-Nisa, 4/80)

“Say: ‘Obey Allah and the Messenger.’ Then, should they turn back, Allah does not love the disbelievers.” (Aal-i Imran, 3/ 32)

“Say (O Prophet): 'If you really love Allah, then follow me, and Allah shall love you and forgive you your sins' …” (Aal-i Imran, 3/ 31)

“Believers, obey God and His Messenger: do not turn away when you are listening to him!” (al-Anfal, 8/20)

Those who obey Allah and the Messenger are with those whom Allah has blessed, namely, the prophets, the Siddiqīn, the Shuhadā’ and the righteous. And excellent are they as companions.” (an-Nisa, 4/69)

It is not open for a believing man or a believing woman, once Allah and His messenger have decided a thing, that they should have a choice about their matter; and whoever disobeys Allah and His messenger, he indeed gets off the track, falling into an open error.” (al-Ahzab, 33/36)

“So, never by your Lord! Never shall they become believers, unless they make you the judge in the disputes that arise between them, then find no discomfort in their hearts against what you have decided, and surrender to it in total submission.” (an-Nisa, 4/65)

"O you who believe, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. Then, if you quarrel about something, revert it back to Allah and the Messenger, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is good, and the best at the end." (an-Nisa, 4/59).

According to Islamic scholars, what is meant by the order mentioned in the verse 4/59 of an-Nisa, "If you quarrel about something, revert it back to Allah and the Messenger" is to solve the issues according to the Qur’an and the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) but after his death it means to solve them according to his sunnah.  (see Abdulghani Abdulkhaliq, Hujjiyatus-Sunna, 298)

Imam Shafii states the following in the interpretation of this verse (an-Nisa, 4/59):

"The reason why the word 'obey' in the verse is repeated both for Allah and for the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is to point out the necessity of obeying the Prophet’s orders and prohibitions outside the Qur'an."

"As can be seen in the expression 'and those in authority among you', the word 'obey' is not used separately for those in authority; on the contrary, it is expressed in a sentence (by reference) by making them obey Allah and His Messenger, to show that obedience to them is not absolute, but is conditional on following Allah's Book and the Sunnah of His Messenger. (see Imam-Shafi'i, ar-Risala 79-80)

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