Although the deeds of worship are not explained in the Quran, how were they, for instance, the number of the rak’ahs of prayers, determined? Is the source sacred hadiths since the amount is not mentioned in the Quran?
For instance, we know that the fard of the night prayer is four rak’ahs. What is the source stating that it is four rak'ahs? Is the source sacred hadiths since the amount is not mentioned in the Quran?
Submitted by on Mon, 15/01/2018 - 10:39
Dear Brother / Sister,
Sunnah: The words, deeds and approval of the Prophet (pbuh).
"If a person skips a prayer by sleeping or forgetting, let him perform it when he remembers." (Abu Dawud, Salah, II; Darimi, Salah, 26)
The hadith above is an example of verbal sunnah (sunnah based on words).
"Perform prayers in the way that you see me perform." (Bukhari, Adhan, 18, Adab, 27, Ahad, I)
The hadith above is an example of actual sunnah (sunnah based on deeds). A Companion performed prayer with tayammum because he could not find water and he did not perform his prayer again though he found water after performing the prayer; the Prophet (pbuh) approved it, which is an example of sunnah of approval. It is unanimously agreed in fiqh that sunnah is the second main source after the Quran. It is definite by verses of the Quran that sunnah is regarded as evidence:
"…So take what the Messenger assigns to you, and deny yourselves that which he withholds from you..." (al-Hashr, 59/7).
"But no, by the Lord, they can have no (real) Faith, until they make thee judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against Thy decisions, but accept them with the fullest conviction." (an-Nisa, 4/65)
''He who obeys the Messenger, obeys Allah...'' (an-Nisa, 4/80)
"O ye who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger, and those charged with authority among you..." (an-Nisa 4/59)
''It is not fitting for a Believer, man or woman, when a matter has been decided by Allah and His Messenger to have any option about their decision..." (al-Ahzab, 33/36)
Sunnah is the Prophet’s fulfilling the duty of messengership he took from His Lord by conveying the message to people. The following is stated in a verse regarding the issue:
"O Messenger! Proclaim the (message) which hath been sent to thee from thy Lord. If thou didst not, thou wouldst not have fulfilled and proclaimed His mission..." (al-Maida, 5/67).
The Quran states that the Prophet (pbuh) speaks based on revelation:
"Nor does he say (aught) of (his own) Desire. It is no less than inspiration sent down to him." (an-Najm, 53/3-4)
On the other hand, the verses of the Quran states clearly that it is necessary to believe in the Prophet (pbuh):
''…So believe in Allah and His Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, who believeth in Allah and His words: follow him that (so) ye may be guided.'' (al-A'raf, 7/158)
Sunnah has three functions in the face of the Quran. It explains the ambiguous and concise verses of the Quran, specifies general decrees of the Quran, mentions the abrogating and abrogated verses, introduces complementary decrees to the verses whose origins are certain in the Quran, imposes some decrees that do not exist in the Quran. That the way of performing prayers and paying zakah, which are orders in the Quran, are explained by sunnah, the decree that the marriage of a man who accuses his wife of adultery but who cannot prove it will end if he practices mula’ana (mutual damning), and the hadiths that prohibit eating the flesh of domestic donkeys and birds of prey are examples of it. (Muhammad Abu Zahra, Usulul Fiqh, p. 113, 114).
Questions on Islam
- Why do we need to read Subhanaka supplication when we stand up for the third rak’ah after the first sitting when we perform the sunnah prayers of the afternoon (asr) and night (isha) prayers?
- Can we read verses 51 and 52 of the chapter of al-Qalam in prayers?
- Are there any prayers that the Prophet (pbuh) performed after the morning prayer (fajr)? Is it permissible for a person who starts to perform awwabin prayer as four rak’ahs to perform it as two rak’ahs?
- What are the hadiths related to sunnah/nafilah prayers and their virtues?
- Is it permissible to perform the last sunnahs of the noon and night prayers as four rak’ahs?
- Is it permissible to perform only the fards of the daily prayers and to abandon the sunnahs?
- I have heard that the fards of daily prayers consisted of two rak'ahs and that it is sunnah to perform them as four rak'ahs. Will you give information regarding the issue?
- What is the wisdom behind reading al-Fatiha in every rak'ah of five daily prayers?
- Are there any verses stating that the Prophet (pbuh) is the explainer of the Quran?
- Why do we read salli-barik prayers in the first sitting of the first sunnah of the afternoon and night salahs? In case of forgetting to read them, do we have to make sajda as-sahw?