How can we respond to those who say Jesus is the son of God?

The Details of the Question

- How can we respond to those who believe that Jesus (pbuh) was the son of God and that he was crucified?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

- The Christians claimed that Jesus (pbuh) was the son of God and the polytheists claimed that the angels were the daughters of God. Our Lord condemns both groups in the Quran. As a matter of fact, the expression at the end of the verse clearly shows it:

If Allah had wanted to adopt children, He could have chosen anyone He willed from among His creatures. However, He did not wish it and He did not adopt children. He is exalted and glorified. He is the sole ruler.

The need for a son is a sign of incompleteness and incapacity. Mortal beings want offspring because they need to perpetuate their names and generations after death. Allah is free from all this. Had He wanted to adopt children, He would have adopted them from those in the heavens, from the angels, before humans and other creatures on earth. However, such a thing did not happen.

There are many proofs in the Holy Quran showing that the Prophet Isa (Jesus) was the servant and prophet of Allah and that he was not crucified but ascended to the sky:

“He begetteth not, nor is He begotten.” (al-Ikhlas, 112/3)
“It is not befitting to (the majesty of) Allah that He should beget a son.” (Maryam, 19/35)
“There is nothing whatever like unto Him.” (ash-Shura, 42/11)

The verses above are definite and clear; there is no place for interpretation.

“Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an apostle of Allah, and His Word, which He bestowed on Mary, and a spirit proceeding from Him.” (an-Nisa, 4/171)

The following two verses exists in the Quran about Jesus being killed:

“…But they killed him not, nor crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them… Nay, Allah raised him up unto Himself…” (an-Nisa, 4/157-158)

“Behold! Allah said: “O Jesus! I will take thee and raise thee to Myself and clear thee (of the falsehoods) of those who blaspheme.” (Aal-i Imran, 3/55)

We will express the conclusion of the different interpretations of those two verses by tafsir scholars:

In the first verse, it is clearly stated that the person whom the Jews crucified to death was not Jesus (pbuh), but another person whom they mixed up with him. The majority of tafsir scholars has stated that Jesus (pbuh) lived with his body in the fourth layer of the heaven based on the fact that “he was not killed but raised to Allah”.

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