Does the Quran say anything about the ethnic origin of the Pharaoh?

The Details of the Question

- Does the Quran clearly state the ruler of what nation Pharaoh was?
- I know he is an Egyptian ruler, but is there anything in the Quran to suggest his nation or ethnicity?

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The ethnic origin of Pharaoh is not mentioned in the Quran. However, it is possible to know from the Quran in general that he was the king of Egypt. For example:

“Then after them We sent Moses with Our signs to Pharaoh and his chiefs, but they wrongfully rejected them: So see what was the end of those who made mischief. Moses said: ‘O Pharaoh! I am an apostle from the Lord of the worlds,-One for whom it is right to say nothing but truth about Allah. Now have I come unto you (people), from your Lord, with a clear (Sign): So let the Children of Israel depart along with me.’” (al-Araf, 7/103-105)

It is stated in the verses above that the Prophet Musa (Moses) was sent to Pharaoh and his chiefs. It is understood from different verses of the Quran that Moses was born and raised in Egypt, went to Madyan and then returned to Egypt.

So, Pharaoh is the king of Egypt.

One of the requests of Moses from Pharaoh was to allow Sons of Israel / Jews to leave with him. Thus, it is understood that Moses was of Jewish origin and hence Pharaoh was not of Jewish origin.

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