Did Jews not accept the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) because He was not from Sons of Israel?

The Details of the Question

- If their religion commanded it, was it not normal for them not to accept Muhammad (pbuh)?
- They followed their religion.

The Answer

Dear Brother / Sister,

The reason why Jews did not believe in the Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) was not only because he was not from Sons of Israel. It is understood from hadith, history and siyar books that there were issues such as envy, economics, leadership and rank-position among the reasons for not believing. In addition, issues such as showing them their mistakes and emphasizing that they falsified their books were also very important.

- The fact that a great Jewish scholar and clergyman like Abdullah b. Salam, accepted Islam, and that the Prophet (pbuh) was not from Sons of Israel cannot be a reason on its own for the denial of Jews.

- “Strongest among men in enmity to the believers wilt thou find the Jews and Pagans; and nearest among them in love to the believers wilt thou find those who say, ‘We are Christians’: because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant.” (al-Maida, 5/82)

It is possible to understand the different reasons for the denial of Jews from the verse above.

- Moreover, there is no indication in the religion/books of the Jews telling them not to believe in the prophets who are not from Sons of Israel. There are statements contrary to it. The following verses from the Bible can be given as examples:

“I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their fellow Israelites, and I will put my words in his mouth. He will tell them everything I command him.” (The Bible, Deuteronomy, chapter 18, verse: 18)

“For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you.” (Acts: Chapter 3, verse: 22)

“... Since then, no prophet has risen in Israel like Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face....” (Deuteronomy, chapter 34, verse: 10)

In the verses quoted from the Old Testament (the Torah) and the New Testament (the Gospel) of the Bible:

The Prophet Moses’ (Musa’s) addressing the descendants of Isaac (Ishaq), Abraham’s (Ibrahim) son, from Sons of Israel, as “your brothers” indicates Isaac’s brother’s descendants, i.e., Sons of Ishmael (Ismail). The prophet from Sons of Ishmael can only be Muhammad (pbuh) because only our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) came from the descendants of Ismail.

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