Will you please give detailed information about the existence of Allah?
Hundreds of evidences stating the existence and oneness of Allah are mentioned in the Quran.
For instance, “Do they not look at the Camels, how they are made? And at the Sky, how it is raised high? And at the Mountains how they are fixed firm? And at the Earth, how it is spread out? (al-Ghashiya, 17-20)
Man is asked to look at the beings around him carefully and to know and find the Creator of them by looking at them. In some verses it is stated that it is impossible for people who see the beings to deny the existence of Allah:
A Verse and its Meaning:
“Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the Night and the Day; in the sailing of the ships through the Ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies, and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds, and the clouds which they trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth;― (here) indeed are signs for a people that are wise.” (al-Baqara, 164).
In another verse, a similar meaning is pointed out:
“If indeed thou ask them who has created the heavens and the earth and subjected the sun and the moon (to His Law); they will certainly reply "Allah." How are they then deluded away (from the truth)?” (Al-Ankaboot, 61).
A Verse: If thou ask them, Who Created them, they will certainly say Allah” (az-Zukhruf, 87).
Since things exist and they are full of art, they surely have a creator and a maker. The universe can be likened to a very meaningful book from this aspect and to a perfect and magnificent city from another aspect and to a wonderful work of art from yet another aspect. Just as a book has a writer, so does this book of the universe have a writer. Whoever is the writer of the book is also the writer of each letter. Whoever is the creator of the universe is also the creator of all of the beings, from atoms to planets of the book of the universe. Therefore the owner of the universe is the owner of all of the beings in it. Whoever owns the field owns the crops too. Whoever is the maker and the creator of the tree owns its fruit too. If the universe is a tree, then man, who is the fruit of this tree is His work. A being that cannot create the tree, cannot create its fruit, either. Therefore whoever is the creator of the universe is the creator of man too.
Allah, who created the eye of man and gave the eye the ability to see,created the sun, too. The eye could not see if the sun did not exist. Therefore, the being that placed the eye in the face of man is the same person as the being that placed the sun, which is the eye of the sky, in its place.
As there is a maker of a pinso will there be a maker and an artist of all beings, each of which is a wonderful work of art, in the universe.
If the universe is likened to a magnificent city, there is a governor of each city; so, there will be a governor of this city of the universe, which acts in a system and order, which is kept clean and which is under observation. And that can only be Allah.
The mind and the conscience of man accept the existence of a creator, and science proves it. When we take a living thing into account;
a- Causes may have made it.
b- This being may have come into being by itself.
c- Nature may have made it.
d- Or an almighty being may have created this thing.
There is no other way for a being to come into being than the alternatives mentioned above. It can be explained by the example of a pharmacy that the first three ways are impossible in terms of mind and science and that the last one necessitates the existence of Allah:
“Imagine there is a pharmacy in which there are hundreds of jars and phials filled with quite different substances. A living potion and a living remedy are required from those medicaments. So we go to the pharmacy and see that they are to be found there in abundance, yet in great variety. We examine each of the potions and see that the ingredients have been taken in varying but precise amounts from each of the jars and phials, one ounce from this, three from that, seven from the next, and so on. If one ounce too much or too little had been taken, the potion would not have been living and would not have displayed its special quality. Next, we study the living remedy. Again, the ingredients have been taken from the jars in a particular measure so that if even the minutest amount too much or too little had been taken, the remedy would have lost its special property. Now, although the jars number more than fifty, the ingredients have been taken from each according to measures and amounts that are all different. Is it in any way possible or probable that the phials and jars should have been knocked over by a strange coincidence or sudden gust of wind and that only the precise, though different, amounts that had been taken from each of them should have been spilt, and then arranged themselves and come together to form the remedy? Is there anything more superstitious, impossible and absurd than this?
Similarly, each living being may be likened to the living potion in the comparison, and each plant to a living remedy; they are composed of matter that has been taken in most precise measure from truly numerous and truly various substances. If these are attributed to causes and the elements and it is claimed, “Causes created these,” it is unreasonable, impossible and absurd a hundred times over, just as it was to claim that the potion in the pharmacy came into existence through the phials being knocked over; by accident.” (Nursi, B. Said. (Lem’alar) Flashes. Rnk Neşriyat. Istanbul, 2006, p.2002 etc.)
Now let us use this example for a man, animal or plant. The building blocks of this living thing are the cells. These cells come together in precise amounts and constitute different tissues, and the tissues constitute organs, systems and finally the living organism come into being. There are thousands of different molecules even in the cell of the simplest structure. Each of these molecules does a different task. Fundamental elements are common in all of them; however, different cells, different individuals and finally even different species emerge with the different arrangements of different amounts of these elements. For instance, the formation of beings like bees and ants is impossible out of these elements, which are mindless, unconscious, blind, deaf and ignorant, on their own or by the cooperation of causes like wind or storm; because these elements and causes themselves need to be formed.
The remedies prepared in the pharmacy in precise amounts show an expert chemist or pharmacist that makes them. Similarly, the creation of each living thing shows the existence of a wonderful creator, who knows, sees and has consciousness and wisdom.
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