What is Qadar (Destiny), Qada (Decree) and Partial Free Will?
Qadar (Destiny), Qada (Decree) and Partial Free Will
Since our issue is qadar, we must know the meanings of some words before we start explaining the issue. One of them is the word "qadar".
QADAR“ is the knowledge and recording by Allah Almighty of everything from pre-eternity to post eternity by knowing the state, time, place, attributes and features of everything in the tablet of qadar called lawh al-mahfuz (the preserved tablet).”
QADA“ is Allah’s invention and creation of this pre-eternal recording and destiny.”
Qadar is the result of Allah’s knowledge and qada is the manifestation of Allah’s power. That is, Allah wrote with His knowledge and created with His power. Writing is qadar and creating is qada.
For example, the time of birth and death of a person is determined beforehand. This determination is qadar. The birth of a person when its time is due and his death when its time is due, namely, the creation of birth and death is qada.
PARTIAL FREE WILL is the ability to act freely and the freedom of choice given by Allah to man.
To put it in a more detailed way, Allah gave man many abilities such as reading, writing, running, eating, drinking and sitting. Each of these abilities is named as "universal will”. It is necessary not to confuse the phrase "universal will” with Allah’s universal will.
Allah’s universal will means He can do anything He wishes and nothing can prevent His order.
Man’s “universal will” is the abilities given to him. When man takes action to do something with one of those abilities, the “universal will” becomes partial. Here, "partial" does not mean "smallness"; it means "specificity".
For example, man has the ability to eat and drink. This is "universal will." When man starts to drink water thanks to this ability, this ability becomes "partial". Now, man has used his universal in a specific way and started to drink water. This is named "partial free will". Here, man is free. Man can drink water or he can prefer to drink a forbidden beverage. What makes him responsible is the authority of choice given to him.
- What is the wisdom behind the fact that belief in qada and qadar is included among the fundamentals of faith?
- Since the good and the bad deeds of man were created by Allah, how can a person be held responsible for the bad deed that he commits?
- There are some people who claim that belief in qadar does not exist in the Quran and that it was added to hadiths afterwards. What is the source of belief in qadar?
- What is the effect of partial free will? Since Allah gives everything, what is the importance of partial free will given to man?
- What is partial free will?
- What are the positive effects of belief in qada and qadar on the life of man?
- Is marriage qadar (destiny)?
- What is the wisdom behind the fact that belief in Qada and Qadar (destiny) is included among the fundamentals of faith?
- On Qadar (Destiny): Every aspect of Qadar is nice
- What is the meaning of "goodness comes from Allah and badness comes from His servants"?