What is the decree on the head-scarf in Islam? To what kind of danger does going out without a headscarf lead women?
On this point, there are two verses in the Holy Qur’an. In these verses, Allah Almighty clearly announces:
“O (most illustrious) Prophet! Tell your wives and your daughters, as well as the women (wives and daughters) of the believers, to draw over themselves some part of their outer garments (when outside their homes and when before men whom they are not forbidden to marry because of blood relation).” (1)
“And tell the believing women that they (also) should restrain their gaze (from looking at the men whom it is lawful for them to marry, and from others’ private parts), and guard their private parts, and that they should not display their charms except that which is revealed of itself; and let them draw their veils over their bosoms…” (2)
In the verses, it is not clearly indicated how believing women should veil themselves, and what places of them could be seen. However, this hadith interprets the verses as follows: The Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) told his sister-in-law, Asma: “O Asma! It is not permissible for a woman to show the parts of her body to strangers apart from her hands and face after she reaches the age of puberty.” (3)
That a Muslim woman at the age of puberty should cover her hair is both Allah’s (SWT) and the Prophet’s (SWT) order. That is, it is a universal obligation to cover the head in a way the face would be open and to cover the neck and breasts. As to unveiling oneself, it means abandoning an obligation and therefore it is forbidden. She becomes sinful and is to be held responsible since she does not heed the command of Allah (SWT) and the Prophet (PBUH). This sinful person must repent and ask for her forgiveness from Allah (SWT) in order to get rid of her sin.
“They are also the ones who, when they have committed a shameful deed or wronged themselves (through any kind of sinful act), immediately remember God, and implore Him to forgive their sins – for who will forgive sins save God? – And do not persist knowingly in whatever (evil) they have committed. Such are the ones whose reward is forgiveness from their Lord and Gardens through which rivers flow, to abide therein. How excellent is the reward of those who always do good deeds!”(4)
Therefore, in order for repentance to be accepted or for sin to be forgiven, one needs not to be insistent on this sin without any excuse.
Here is a hadith on this point:
“When a believer commits a sin, there appears a black spot in his heart. If he withdraws from that sin and asks Allah (STW) for his forgiveness, his heart will be cleansed from that black spot. If he insists on the sin, the black spot becomes larger. It is in this sense that "the sin covers the heart, which reads in the Qur’an.” (5)
The saying “Within each sin is a path leading to unbelief.”expresses a significant reality. A person who keeps committing a sin becomes used to that sin in the course of time and cannot stop it. This habit drags him to greater spiritual dangers. He starts to believe that this sin has no punishment in the Hereafter and there should not be Hell at all. (6)
In order for this person not to come face to face with such a danger and not to be deceived by Satan, he needs to pull himself together and abandon that sin, which will result in his repentance.
(1) (al-Ahzab, 33:59)
(2) (an-Nur, 24:31)
(3) (Abu Dawud, Libas, 33)
(4) (Aal-i Imran, 3:135-136)
(5) (Ibn Majah, Zuhd, 29)
(6) Flashes, Badiuzzaman Said Nursi)
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