Sa’d bin Muadh (r.a.)
Sa’d bin Muadh spent only six years of his short worldly life as a Muslim but he was a fortunate Companion who attained the honor of being “the most beloved one among Ansar” for the Prophet by serving Islam greatly.
Hz. Sa’d was the chief of the Ashhal clan of the tribe of Aws but he was also the general leader of the tribe of Aws. He became a Muslim thanks to Mus’ab bin Umayr, whom the Prophet sent to Madinah to spread the light of Islam before the Migration; after that he became a means for the guidance of the whole tribe of Aws.
Mus’ab first settled in the house of As’ad bin Zurara, who was Sad’s cousin. Mus’ab used his house as his center of activity and increased the number of the Muslims in Madinah. Sa’d, who was not a Muslim then, was disturbed by it but he could not intervene because his cousin (his maternal aunt’s son) was involved in the issue. He did not find it appropriate for his rank and character to intervene in something happening in the house of one of his relatives. Finally, he talked to Usayd bin Khudayr, who was one of the notables of Sons of Ashhal, and asked him to do something to end the activities of Mus’ab. However, Usayd, who went to talk to Mus’ab in a threatening way, became a Muslim after listening to him. Then, he said to Mus’ab,
“I will send you somebody. If he follows you, every one of his people will follow him and accept Islam.”
Usayd returned to Sa’d as a Muslim. Sa’d noticed the change in him and asked,
“Usayd! What did you do?”
“I talked to them and I did not see anything bad about them.”
This answer infuriated Sa’d. He went to the place where As’ad and Mus’ab were directly. Hz. Mus’ab made Sa’d sit. He told Sa’d about Islam and recited the Quran to him. As Sa’d listened to the Quran, his heart softened and he became a Muslim.
Hz. Sa’d stood up and had a bath. Then, he uttered kalima ash-shahada and performed a prayer of two rak'ahs. Then, he called Usayd bin Khudayr, who had become a Muslim before him, and summoned his clan. When Sa’d saw that Sons of Ashhal gathered, he addressed them as follows:
“O Sons of Ashhal! How do you know me?”
“You are our master, our most farsighted and reliable man.”
“In that case, I am telling you that I will not speak with any of you, men and women, unless you believe in Allah and His Messenger like me.”
This speech of Sad affected his clan and all of the men and women of Sons of Ashhal became Muslims on the same day before the evening.
After becoming a Muslim, Sa’d’s honor and prestige increased; he became one of the notables of the Companions.
One of the Companions who made speeches related to altruism, self-sacrifice and courage in the consultation before the Battle of Badr was Sa’d bin Muadh. He spoke as follows:
“O Messenger of Allah! We believed in you and confirmed you. We witnessed that whatever you brought was right. We promised to listen to you and to obey you. O Messenger of Allah! Do whatever you want to do; we are together with you. I swear by Allah, who sent you with the true religion, that if you showed us this sea and jumped into it, we would jump with you! Not even one person from us will remain behind. We will not avoid fighting the enemy. We will not lag behind during the battle. Lead us with the blessing of Allah.
O Messenger of Allah! Allow us to build a bower for you. You sit there and we will fight the enemy. If Allah makes us victorious, it will be very good. That is what we ant. If we are defeated, you can get on your mount and return to Madinah.”
The Prophet became very pleased with the speech Sa’d b. Muadh and prayed for him.
Sa’d bin Muadh took part in the Battle of Uhud and fought heroically. He was among those who formed a wall of flesh around the Prophet in that battle. His son, Amr, was martyred at Uhud.
In the 5th year of the Migration, the polytheists of Quraysh besieged Madinah. The Muslims were trying to defend themselves with a big trench they had dug by working really hard and undergoing a lot of trouble. During the battle, a polytheist called “Ibnl-Araqa” was looking at Sa’d all the time by holding his bow. Finally, he shot an arrow at Sa’d and tore one of his veins in his arm. When Sa’d bin Muadh realized that his wound was severe, he opened his hands and prayed as follows
“O Lord! If the war between Quraysh and us is to continue, allow me to live. I do not like anything as much as I like fighting those men, who tortured and denied Your Prophet. If the war between us is to end, elevate me to the rank of martyrdom. O Lord! Do not remove my soul before showing me the end of Sons of Qurayza.”
The Messenger of Allah ordered a tent to be set up in the mosque and settled Sa’d bin Muadh there. He appointed Rafida from the tribe of Ashlam to cure him. The Prophet often visited him and asked about his health.
Sa’d had a sever wound but he would live more. There was an important service he would do for Islam.
Sons of Qurayza Jews had signed a treaty with the Muslims but they violated this treaty during the Battle of Khandaq by cooperating with the polytheists.
Sa’d bin Muadh was in good terms with Sons of Qurayza Jews before Islam. Therefore, the Jews proposed that Sa’d be the judge to decree about their violation of the treaty. The Messenger of Allah Sa’d to act as a judge. Sa’d got out of his bed though he was ill and wounded and set off to fulfill a great duty. When he approached Qurayza, the Messenger of Allah said,
“Your master is coming. Stand up and settle him.”
Then, he turned to Sa’d and said, “Decree about them.”
Sa’d decreed that their warriors would be killed and their children women would be taken as captives and their wealth to be distributed to the Muslims. This decree existed in the Torah too. The Prophet became pleased with this decree and said,
“You have given the same decree as Allah and His Messenger would give.”
Sa’d returned to the tent that the Messenger of Allah had set up. The Messenger of Allah, Hz. Abu Bakr and Hz. Umar were there too. His wound started to bleed again. However, he did not heed it. For, God Almighty showed him the defeat of the polytheists in the Battle of Khandaq and the destruction of Sons of Qurayza. He was about to die as a martyr. Hz. Aisha said, “Meanwhile, both Abu Bakr and Umar were lamenting. A Companion asked Hz. Aisha whether the Messenger of Allah wept or not. She said,
“He would not weep after the death of anyone. However, when he felt sorry for someone, he would hold his beard. He held his beard when Sa’d died.”
Sa’d bin Muadh died as a martyr after living as a Muslim for six years.
Upon the death of Sa’d, the Prophet said, “Sa’d’s death shook the Throne. 70,000 angels who had never come down to earth before came down for his janazah.”
When the janazah of Sa’d bin Mu’adh was being carried, the hypocrites said mockingly, ‘How light his janazah is.” When the Messenger of Allah was informed about it, he said, “The angels were carrying his janazah.”
Some time passed after the burial of Sa’d. Somebody took a piece of soil from his grave. He felt that the soil emitted a nice smell. When the Prophet saw it, he said, “Subhanallah, Subhanallah!”
It is narrated that the most beloved person for the Prophet among the Muhjairs was Hz. Abu Bakr and among Ansar was Sa’d bin Muadh.
Once the Messenger of Allah was given a garment as a present. The Companions said it was very soft. He said,
“Are you surprised by its softness. By Allah the handkerchiefs of Sa`d bin Mu`adh in Paradise are better and softer than this.”
The Messenger of Allah loved Sa’d bin Muadh very much. He mentioned his virtues and spiritual rank after his death.
May Allah be pleased with them!