The Prophet has his Household moved to Medina from Mecca
The Prophet had to leave his wife Hazrat Sawda, his daughters Ummu Kulthum, Fatima and Zainab, and his fiancée Hazrat Aisha behind in Mecca when he migrated to Medina.
After Masjid an-Nabawi was completed and the House of Bliss was built next to it, he sent Zaid bin Haritha and Abu Rafi to Mecca to bring them to Medina.
These two companions went to Mecca and took the people mentioned to Medina. Yet they could not take Hazrat Zainab because her husband, who was not a Muslim then, did not allow her to go. Nevertheless, she migrated to Mecca after a while, too. And her husband converted to Islam later.
.When they arrived in Medina, people from the Prophet’s household settled in their own rooms and Hazrat Aisha moved into her father’s house. (1)
Hazrat Aisha’s Wedding
The Honorable Messenger and Hazrat Aisha got married in Mecca but the wedding ceremony was postponed.
They had their wedding ceremony in the month of Shawwal (2) in the first year of Hijrah after coming to Medina. (3) At that time, the Prophet was fifty-five years old.
Hazrat Aisha was different from the Honorable Messenger’s other wives to him.
One day, Amr bin As asked: “O Messenger of God! Who is the dearest one to you among people?” The Honorable Messenger answered: “Aisha!”
He asked again: “How about men, O Messenger of God?” He answered: Aisha’s father!” (4)
Hazrat Aisha had a strong sagacity and subtle wit. She memorized many hadiths of the Prophet in a short time and learnt a lot of Islamic judgments. Therefore, she rose to a privileged place among the companions. The number of the hadiths narrated by her is 2210. A lot of Companions learnt the Prophet’s practice on various issues and Islamic judgments from her.
Hazrat Aisha’s command in religious knowledge was made clear when the Honorable Messenger said: “Learn the half of your religion from this fair woman (Hazrat Aisha).”
The following confession of Abu Musa al-Ash’ari points to the same issue:
“We, the Companions of the Messenger of God, would ask Aisha when we had difficulties with understanding a hadith because we saw that she had the knowledge of hadiths.” (5)
Hazrat Aisha’s deep knowledge of Islamic judgment contributed a lot to Islamic Law. She has been the source of many issues regarding women.
Today’s Muslim women should aim at trying to resemble Hazrat Aisha in all aspects!
1. Ibn Sa’d, Tabaqat, V. 8, p. 62.
2. Wedding between two eids was thought to be ill-omened in the era of Ignorance. The Honorable Messenger abolished this groundless practice by having his wedding in the month of Shawwal. Seeing this, many others got married at the same time.
Also, the Prophet’s hadith “One may not marry between two eids” is misunderstood by people. This means: If the eid is on Friday, it is not appropriate to get wed between Eid Prayer and Friday prayer; because eid is a very hectic time. It will not be appropriate to rush wedding between Eid prayer and Friday prayer in all the fuss. However, if anyone does it, it is not haram.
3. Ibn Sa’d, ibid, V. 8. p. 58.
4. Ibn Sa’d, ibid, V. 8, p. 67.
5. Ibn Sa’d, ibid, V. 8, p. 67.
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